marchitar

marchitar(
mahr
-
chee
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (botany)
a. to wither
La sequía ha marchitado los cultivos de cientos de agricultores.The drought has withered the crops of hundreds of farmers.
La primera helada marchitó los cultivos.The first frost withered the crops.
b. to dry up
El sol marchitó la planta porque olvidé regarla.The sun dried up the plant because I forgot to water it.
marchitarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
2. (botany)
a. to fade
Las rosas comenzaron a marchitarse antes que el resto del ramo.The roses started to fade before the rest of the bouquet.
b. to wither
Los geranios casi nunca se marchitan porque son muy resistentes.Geraniums almost never wither because they are very hardy.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to become weak)
a. to fade away
Después del incidente noté que algo se había quebrantado en Sandra. Se aisló del mundo y se marchitó.After that incident I noticed that something in Sandra had been destroyed. She cut herself off from the world and faded away.
b. to languish
Marina dejó de comer y empezó a marchitarse por la falta de alimento.Marina stopped eating and began to languish for lack of food.
4. (to die away)
a. to fade (hopes, beauty, youth)
La salud de mi abuelo comenzó a marchitarse cuando su esposa murió.My grandfather's health started to fade when his wife died.
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marchitar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (también fig)
a. to wither
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
2. (planta)
a. to fade, to wither
3. (persona)
a. to languish, to fade away
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
marchitar
transitive verb
to wither; dry up
pronominal verb
marchitarse
1 [+flores] to wither; fade
2 [+belleza, juventud] to fade
3 [+esperanzas] to fade; [+ideales] to fade away
4 [+persona] to languish; fade away
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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