Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to furnish with light)
a. to illuminate
La luz de la luna iluminaba la calle desierta.The moonlight illuminated the deserted street.
b. to light up
La estrella fugaz iluminó el cielo oscuro.The shooting star lit up the dark sky.
2. (to adorn with lights)
a. to light up
Cada año mis hijos siempre me ayudan a iluminar el árbol de Navidad.Every year, my kids always help me to light up the Christmas tree.
3. (religious)
a. to enlighten
Considera su padre espiritual al monje budista que lo iluminó.He considers the Buddhist monk who enlightened him his spiritual father.
4. (to give color to)
a. to illuminate
El encuadernador usó una lámina de oro para iluminar las letras de la portada.The bookbinder used gold foil to illuminate the letters on the cover.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to become brighter)
a. to light up
Se iluminó el escenario y comenzó la música.The stage lit up and the music began.
6. (to be filled with happiness)
a. to light up
El rostro del niño se iluminó cuando vio los regalos que le trajo Papá Noel.The kid's face lit up when he saw the presents Santa brought him.
7. (religious)
a. to become enlightened
El ermitaño llevaba una vida de austeridad con la esperanza de iluminarse.The hermit lived a life of austerity in hopes of becoming enlightened.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (dar luz a)
a. to illuminate, to light up
los focos que iluminan la iglesiathe floodlights which light up the church
2. (adornar con luces)
a. to light up
iluminan el castillo por la nochethe castle is lit up at night
3. (religion)
a. to enlighten
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (general)
a. to give light
la lámpara ilumina muy pocothe lamp doesn't give much light
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (con luz)
a. to light up
6. (de alegría)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
se le iluminó el rostrohis face lit up
7. (religion)
a. to become enlightened
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+cuarto, calle, ciudad] to light; [+estadio, edificio, monumento] to light up
una sola bombilla iluminaba el cuarto the room was lit by a single bulb; la felicidad iluminó su rostro his face lit up with happiness
2 [+grabado, ilustración] to illuminate
3 [+teoría, tesis] to illustrate
4 (Religión) to enlighten
pronominal verb
iluminarse (alegrarse) [+cara, expresión] to light up
se le iluminó el rostro al verla his face lit up when he saw her; el cielo se iluminó con los fuegos artificiales the sky was lit up with fireworks; fireworks lit up the sky
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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Phrases with "iluminar"
Here are the most popular phrases with "iluminar." Click the phrases to see the full entry.
nos ayuda a iluminar nuestras casas
it helps us illuminate our houses
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