excusar

excusar(
ehks
-
koo
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to justify)
a. to excuse
Laura excusó el comportamiento de su hermano argumentando que estaba muy estresado.Laura excused her brother's behavior by saying that he was under too much stress.
2. (to make apology for)
a. to apologize for
Excuso las acciones de mi esposo. Está muy alterado desde que se enteró de la muerte de su madre.I apologize for my husband's actions. He has been very upset since he found out about his mother's death.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g., usted).
(formal)
(to prevent)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to avoid
Con mi novio hablo de todo, pero excuso hablar de relaciones anteriores.I talk about everything with my boyfriend, but I avoid talking about previous relationships.
4. (to release from an obligation)
a. to exempt from
Me excusaron de asistir a la reunión porque mi padre se puso enfermo.I was exempted from attending the meeting because my father became ill.
excusarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (to excuse oneself)
a. to apologize
El alumno se excusó con el profesor por su mal comportamiento en clase.The student apologized to the teacher for his bad behavior in class.
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excusar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (disculpar a)
a. to excuse
2. (disculparse por)
a. to apologize for
3. (evitar)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to avoid
excuso decir que…there's no need for me to say that…
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (general)
a. to apologize, to excuse oneself
excusar
transitive verb
1 (disculpar) to excuse
excúsame con los otros apologize to the others for me
2 (evitar) [+disgustos] to avoid; prevent
así excusamos disgustos this way we avoid difficulties; podemos excusar lo otro we can forget about the rest of it; we don't have to bother with the rest; excusamos decirle que ... we don't have to tell you that ...; por eso excuso escribirte más largo so I can save myself the trouble of writing at greater length
3 (eximir) to exempt;de from
pronominal verb
excusarse (disculparse) to apologize;con to
excusarse de haber hecho algo to apologize for having done sth
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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Conjugations
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