esquivar

esquivar(
ehs
-
kee
-
bahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to move away from)
a. to dodge (a blow or projectile)
El boxeador se agachó para esquivar el golpe de su rival.The boxer ducked to dodge the blow from his rival.
Los niños esquivaron a la bruja y salieron corriendo de su casa.The children dodged the witch and ran out of her house.
b. to avoid (a person or an animal)
Traté de esquivar a un perro que se cruzó en la carretera y me estrellé contra un árbol.I tried to avoid a dog that ran out into the road, and crashed into a tree.
2. (to shun or evade)
a. to avoid
¿Por qué esquivas mi mirada? ¿Tienes algo que ocultar?Why are you avoiding looking at me? Do you have something to hide?
b. to dodge (a question)
La actriz pasó años esquivando preguntas sobre su vida privada.The actress spent years dodging questions about her private life.
c. to sidestep (an issue)
Su respuesta a esta pregunta parece esquivar el asunto.Your response to this question seems to sidestep the issue.
3. (to get out of responsibilities)
a. to avoid
La empresa intentó esquivar el pago de horas extras a sus trabajadores.The company tried to avoid paying its workers overtime.
esquivarse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
reciprocal verb
4. (to dodge one another)
a. to avoid each other
Los estudiantes iban y venían por el camino estrecho, esquivándose.Students came and went along the narrow path, avoiding each other.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (to evade; used with "de")
a. to shy away from
A veces los padres se esquivan de hablar de temas importantes con sus hijos.Parents sometimes shy away from talking about important matters with their children.
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esquivar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (persona, discusión)
a. to avoid
2. (golpe)
a. to dodge
esquivar
transitive verb
(evitar) to avoid; shun; (evadir) to dodge; side-step
esquivar un golpe to dodge a blow; esquivar el contacto con algn to avoid meeting sb; esquivar hacer algo to avoid doing sth; be chary of doing sth
pronominal verb
esquivarse (retirarse) to shy away; (evadirse) to dodge
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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