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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to add thickness)
a. to thicken
Puedes darle más volumen a la salsa si la espesas con harina.You can give more substance to the sauce by thickening it with flour.
b. to make thicker
Si la salsa está muy líquida, añade harina para espesarla.If the sauce is too runny, add flour to make it thicker.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to become thicker)
a. to thicken
El chocolate de la fondeu espesó.The chocolate in the fondue thickened.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to become thicker)
a. to thicken
Si la salsa se espesa, añade más caldo de pollo.If the sauce thickens, add more chicken stock.
b. to get thicker
Tuve que reducir la velocidad porque la niebla se había espesado.I had to slow down because the fog got thicker.
4. (to become more crowded)
a. to get denser
La vegetación se espesa en el valle y es casi impenetrable.The vegetation gets denser in the valley and is nearly impenetrable.
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transitive verb
1 (hacer más espeso) [+líquido, chocolate] to thicken; [+sustancia] to make dense; make denser
2 (hacer más tupido) [+tapiz] to weave tighter; [+jersey, chaqueta] to knit tighter
pronominal verb
espesarse [+líquido] to thicken; get thicker; [+bosque, niebla, humo] to get denser; get thicker; [+sangre] to coagulate; solidify
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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