ensuciarse

ensuciarse(
ehn
-
soo
-
syahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to make dirty)
a. to get dirty
No me había lavado las manos y terminé ensuciándome la blusa.I hadn't washed my hands and I ended up getting my blouse dirty.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
2. (to make oneself dirty)
a. to get dirty
Me ensucié todo de lodo.I got all dirty with mud.
3. (to relieve oneself clothed)
a. to dirty
El niñito se ensució los calzones.The little boy dirtied his briefs.
ensuciar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
4. (to make dirty)
a. to dirty
El polvo ensució los vidrios de la casa.The dust dirtied the windows in the house.
b. to get dirty
No me vayas a ensuciar el sillón de pintura.Don't get the sofa dirty with paint.
5. (to discredit)
a. to sully
La revista de chismes ensució la imagen del actor.The gossip magazine sullied the actor's image.
b. to tarnish
Todas tus mentiras ensuciaron mi nombre.All your lies have tarnished my name.
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ensuciar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (manchar)
a. to (make) dirty
2. (desprestigiar)
a. to sully, to tarnish
ensuciar el nombre de alguiento sully somebody's name o reputation
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (general)
a. to get dirty
la alfombra se ha ensuciado de pinturathe carpet has got paint on it
ensuciar
transitive verb
1 (manchar) to get dirty; dirty
vas a ensuciar el sofá
no me ensuciéis el suelo al entrar don't get the floor dirty when you come in; don't dirty the floor when you come in
2 [+reputación, nombre] to sully; soil (literario)
pronominal verb
ensuciarse
1 (mancharse) to get dirty
no te ensucies el vestido don't get your dress dirty; me he ensuciado las manos I've got my hands dirty; te has ensuciado de barro los pantalones you've got mud on your trousers
2 [+bebé] to dirty o soil one's nappy
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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