empeñar

Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
empeñar(
ehm
-
peh
-
nyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (belongings)
a. to pawn
La señora empeñó sus joyas para tener dinero para la renta.The lady pawned her jewels in order to have money for rent.
b. to hock
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Empeñó su reloj para pagar una deuda de juego.He hocked his watch to pay a gambling bet.
2. (word)
a. to give
El candidato empeñó su palabra, asegurando que cumpliría sus promesas.The candidate gave his word, assuring he'd keep his promises.
3. (time)
a. to spend
Empeñó toda su carrera científica estudiando el sistema solar.She spent her whole scientific career studying the solar system.
empeñarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to persist; used with "en")
a. to insist on
Se empeñó en obtener una beca y finalmente lo logró.She insisted on getting a scholarship and she finally did.
5. (to make an effort; used with "en")
a. to endeavor to
Ahora tendrás que empeñarte en ganar su confianza.Now you must endeavor to earn their trust.
6. (to owe)
a. to fall into debt
Me empeñé con el banco para poder comprar un auto nuevo.I fell into debt with the bank to buy a new car.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
empeñar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (joyas, bienes)
a. to pawn
2. (palabra)
a. to give
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (obstinarse)
a. to insist
empeñarse en hacer algoto insist on doing something
se empeñó en que nos quedáramoshe insisted that we stay
no sé por qué te empeñas en hablar de elloI don't know why you insist on talking about it
4. (endeudarse)
a. to get into debt
se empeñaron hasta las cejasthey got themselves up to their eyeballs in debt
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
empeñar
transitive verb
1 [+objeto de valor] to pawn; pledge
2 (comprometer) [+palabra] to give; [+persona] to engage; compel
3 (comenzar) to start
pronominal verb
empeñarse
1 (endeudarse) to get into debt
2
empeñarse en algo to insist on sth; empeñarse en hacer algo to be set on doing sth; se empeñó en irse a trabajar al extranjero he insisted on going to work abroad; me empeñé en que estudiara inglés I insisted that she should study English; empeñarse en una discusión to get involved in a heated argument; se empeña en que fue así he insists that it was so
3
empeñarse por algn to intercede for sb
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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