descender
descender(
deh
-
sehn
-
dehr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to decrease)
a. to fall
La tasa de desempleo descendió del 6.5% al 5% en el último trimestre.The unemployment rate fell from 6.5% to 5% in the last quarter.
b. to drop
Se nota que llegó el otoño; hoy la temperatura descendió a 55 grados Fahrenheit.You can tell it is already fall; today the temperature dropped to 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
c. to go down
Durante la Gran Depresión, el precio de los activos descendió, y muchas instituciones financieras quebraron.During the Great Depression, the price of shares went down, and many financial institutions went bankrupt.
d. to come down
El precio de la gasolina estaba muy elevado, pero ahora está descendiendo.The price of gas was really high, but it's coming down now.
2. (to move downward)
a. to descend
El avión comenzó a descender; en media hora estaremos aterrizando.The plane has started to descend; we'll be landing in about 30 minutes.
b. to go down
Llegamos a la cima de la montaña; ahora tenemos que empezar a descender.We've reached the summit of the mountain; now we have to start going down.
c. to come down
Cuando se les acabó el helio a los globos de la fiesta, comenzaron a descender.When the party balloons had run out of helium, they started to come down.
3. (to alight)
a. to get off (plane, train, bus)
Luís estaba sentado en la segunda fila del avión, y por eso fue uno de los primeros pasajeros en descender.Luis was sitting in the second row of the plane, so he was one of the first passengers to get off.
b. to disembark (from ship, plane, train)
Espera hasta que el tren haya parado completamente antes de intentar descender.Wait until the train has come to a complete stop before attempting to disembark.
c. to get out (of car)
El conductor apagó el motor y descendió del carro.The driver switched off the engine and got out of the car.
4. (to be demoted)
a. to be downgraded
El huracán perdió fuerza y ha descendido a tormenta tropical.The hurricane lost strength and has been downgraded to a tropical storm.
b. to go down
Este programa estaba a la cabeza del rating, pero descendió al cuarto lugar.This TV show was at the top of the ratings, but it has gone down to fourth place.
c. to be relegated
El equipo de fútbol local tuvo un mal año y descendió a la segunda categoría.Our local soccer team had a bad year and was relegated to the second tier.
5. (to be related to; used with "de")
a. to be descended from
La mayoría de los Amish descienden directamente de inmigrantes del siglo XVIII.Most Amish people are directly descended from 18th-century immigrants.
b. to descend from
Parece que la familia de mi esposo descienden de los vikingos.It seems my husband's family descend from the Vikings.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Muchos estadounidenses descienden de irlandeses, y es por esto que se celebra el día de San Patricio en ciudades como Boston y Nueva York.Many Americans are of Irish descent, and that's why Saint Patrick's Day is celebrated in cities like Boston and New York.
Mi familia desciende de franceses e italianos.My family is of French and Italian descent.
6. (to be derived from; used with "de")
a. to descend from
El Halloween desciende de una celebración celta.Halloween descends from a Celtic festival.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to move down)
a. to go down
Necesitas descender cinco tramos de escaleras para llegar al primer piso.You need to go down five flights of stairs to get to the first floor.
b. to come down
Felipe descendió las escaleras rápidamente cuando nos oyó entrar.Felipe came down the stairs quickly when he heard us come in.
c. to descend
Mientras descendía la colina, me tropecé con una piedra.As I was descending the hill, I tripped on a stone.
8. (to move something down)
a. to lower
Los rescatistas descendieron una camilla desde el helicóptero para recoger al alpinista herido.The rescuers lowered a stretcher from the helicopter to recover the injured climber.
9. (to reduce in status)
a. to demote
Debido al bajo rendimiento de la empresa, Andrés fue descendido de director de finanzas a sub-director de finanzas.Because of the company's poor performance, Andrés was demoted from financial director to assistant financial director.
b. to downgrade
La guía gastronómica descendió de categoría a este restaurante; bajó de cuatro a dos estrellas.The restaurant guide downgraded this restaurant from four stars to two.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
descender
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (valor, temperatura, nivel)
a. to fall, to drop
ha descendido el interés por la políticathere is less interest in politics
2. (de una altura)
a. to descend
la niebla descendió sobre el vallethe mist descended on the valley
el río desciende por el vallethe river runs down the valley
3. (de vehículo)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
descender de un aviónto get off a plane
descender de un cocheto get out of a car
4. (en competición deportiva)
a. to be relegated
descender a segundato be relegated to the second division
descender de categoríato be relegated
5. (de antepasado)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
descender deto be descended from
6. (en estimación)
a. to go down
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (bajar)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
descendieron al paciente de la ambulanciathey took the patient out of the ambulance
descendió las escaleras rápidamenteshe ran down the stairs
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
descender
transitive verb
1 [+escalera, colina] to come down; go down; descend (formal)
descendió las escaleras y se nos acercó he came down o (formal) descended the stairs and approached us
2 (llevar abajo)
descender a algn to lower sb; descender algo to lower sth; descendieron al bombero al pozo they lowered the fireman o let the fireman down into the well
descendieron el piano por la ventana
descendieron al gato del tejado they brought o got the cat down from the roof; un señor le ayudó a descender el equipaje a man helped her to get o reach her luggage down
3 (en orden, jerarquía) to downgrade; demote
lo han descendido de categoría por ineficacia he has been downgraded o demoted for inefficiency; el single descendió tres puestos en las listas de éxitos the single went down three places in the charts
intransitive verb
1 (disminuir) [+fiebre] to go down; abate; [+temperatura, precio, número, nivel] to go down; fall; drop; [+ventas, demanda, producción] to fall; drop (off)
las ventas de tabaco han descendido en el último año
[+calidad] to go down; decline
el nivel de las aguas empieza a descender el nivel educativo ha descendido últimamente
el índice de paro descendió considerablemente unemployment has fallen o gone down considerably
2 (de un lugar a otro) [+persona] to come down; go down; descend (formal); [+avión] to descend
el avión comenzó a descender al entrar en la península
el río desciende limpio de la sierra the river comes o runs down clean from the mountains
3 (en orden, jerarquía) to be downgraded; be demoted; (Dep) to be relegated
ha descendido tras el reajuste de la plantilla he has been downgraded o demoted in the staff reorganization; el restaurante ha descendido de categoría the restaurant has been downgraded; su libro descendió al puesto cuarto her book went down to fourth place
el Valencia ha descendido a segunda división
4
descender de (provenir de)
esta palabra desciende del latín this word comes from o derives from (the) Latin; el hombre desciende del mono man is descended from apes; desciende de linaje de reyes he is descended from o comes from a line of kings
de esa palabra descienden otras muchas
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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