Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to clean one's teeth with a brush)
a. to brush
Hay que cepillarse los dientes tres veces al día.You should brush your teeth three times a day.
2. (to arrange one's hair with a brush)
a. to brush
Ella gasta 10 minutos cepillándose el pelo.She spends 10 minutes brushing her hair.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to clean off an object)
a. to brush
Cepilla las botas después de entrar de la nieve.Brush off your boots after coming in from the snow.
b. to clean
Siempre tengo que cepillar la pelusa de este abrigo.I always have to clean off the lint from this coat.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (ropa, pelo)
a. to brush
2. (madera)
a. to plane
3. (colloquial)
a. to pinch
cepillar algo a alguiento pinch something off somebody
4. (colloquial)
a. to butter up, to flatter
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (pelo, ropa)
a. to brush
cepillarse el peloto brush one's hair
6. (colloquial)
a. to polish off
7. (suspender)
a. to fail
se lo cepillaronthey failed him
8. (muy fam)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
cepillarse a alguiento screw somebody
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+ropa, dientes, pelo] to brush
2 [+madera] to plane; plane down
3 (suspender) to fail; flunk (familiar); especialmente (EEUU)
4 (adular) to flatter; butter up
5 (robar) to rip off (familiar)
6 (ganar) to win; take;a from
pronominal verb
1 [+dientes, pelo] to brush
cepillarse a algn (matar) to bump sb off (familiar); (copular con) to screw sb (vulgar)
3 (robar)
cepillarse algo to rip sth off (familiar)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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