A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (mathematics)
a. to calculate
En este problema tengo que calcular la velocidad del coche A.In this problem I have to calculate the speed of car A.
b. to work out
En clase Jorge tuvo que calcular cuánto medía la hipotenusa del triángulo.In class Jorge had to work out the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle.
2. (to guess)
a. to reckon
Si salimos de casa ya, calculo que llegaremos sobre la hora de comer.If we leave home now, I reckon we will arrive around lunch time.
b. to suppose
Calculo que María y Juan estarán por llegar porque suelen ser puntuales.I suppose that Maria and Juan will be here any minute now because they are usually punctual.
c. to estimate
El profesor calcula que hay cinco alumnos que necesitan clases particulares.The teacher estimates that there are five students who need private tutoring.
d. to figure
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Mi madre calcula que vendrán a la fiesta unas veinte personas.My mother figures that twenty people will attend the party.
3. (to plan)
a. to work out
He calculado todo para que Miguel no se entere de la fiesta sorpresa.I worked everything out so that Miguel doesn't find out about the surprise party.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
(to think)
a. to imagine
¡Calcula la ilusión que me hizo encontrarme con un viejo amigo!Imagine how excited I was of running into an old friend!
5. (architecture)
a. to design
Cuando entré en la oficina, el arquitecto estaba calculando un puente sobre un plano.When I entered the office, the architect was designing a bridge onto a blueprint.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (cantidades)
a. to calculate
calcular malto miscalculate
2. (suponer)
a. to reckon
le calculo sesenta añosI reckon he's about sixty
3. (pensar, considerar)
está todo cuidadosamente calculadoeverything has been carefully worked out
no calculó las consecuencias de sus actoshe didn't foresee the consequences of his actions
4. (imaginar)
a. to imagine
calcula la sorpresa que se llevó cuando se lo dijimosjust imagine how surprised he was when we told him
transitive verb
1 (Matemáticas) (exactamente) to calculate; work out
debes calcular la cantidad exacta you must calculate o work out the exact number; calcular la distancia entre dos puntos to calculate o work out the distance between two points; calculé mal la distancia y me caí I misjudged the distance and fell
2 (estimativamente)
calcular que to reckon (that); calculo que debe de tener unos cuarenta años I reckon o figure he must be about 40 (years old); especialmente (EEUU) ¿cuánto calculas que puede costar? how much do you reckon it might cost?; se calcula que habrá unos diez heridos about ten people are estimated to have been wounded; calculo que llegará mañana I reckon o figure he'll come tomorrow; especialmente (EEUU)
3 (planear) to work out; figure out
lo calculó todo hasta el más mínimo detalle he worked o figured it all out down to the last detail
nada fue casual, lo había planeado todo
4 (imaginar)
—¿tienes ganas de ir? —¡calcula! "are you looking forward to going?" — "what do you think? o you bet (I am)!" (familiar)
5 (Archit) [+puente, bóveda] to design; plan
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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