Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to rumple)
a. to wrinkle
Mi madre es la prueba de que fumar arruga la piel que rodea los labios.My mother is living proof that smoking wrinkles the skin around the lips.
b. to crease
Si arrugas el vestido, serás tú quien la planche.If you crease your dress, you'll be the one ironing it afterwards.
c. to crumple (paper)
No me gustaba lo que había escrito así que arrugué el folio.I didn't like what I had written so I crumpled the piece of paper.
2. (to pucker)
a. to knit (brow)
Cuando Lucas arrugó el ceño supe que no me estaba entendiendo.When Lucas knitted his brows I realized he didn't understand me.
b. to wrinkle (nose)
El bebé se rió cuando hice una mueca arrugando la nariz.The baby laughed when I made a funny face, wrinkling my nose.
c. to screw up (face)
El niño arrugó la cara cuando probó el limón.The boy's screwed his face face up when he tasted the lemon.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to become lined)
a. to get wrinkled
Por más cremas que te eches eventualmente la piel se te arrugará.It doesn't matter how many creams you use, your skin will eventually get wrinkled.
b. to get creased
Mis blusas se arrugan fácilmente y por eso las pongo en una percha.My blouses get easily creased and that's why I put them on hangers.
c. to crease
La falda se arrugó porque la metí en la maleta.The skirt creased because I put it in the suitcase.
d. to shrivel up (because of water)
Mis dedos se arrugaron tanto después de nadar que parecían garbanzos.My fingers shrivelled up so much after swimming that they looked like chickpeas.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to be intimidated)
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. to get freaked out
El ladrón se arrugó cuando un hombre de dos metros lo detuvo.The thief got freaked out when a man that was two-meters high stopped him.
b. to get frightened
Los dos niños revoltosos se arrugaron cuando vieron llegar a sus madres.The two naughty children got frightened when they saw their mothers coming.
c. to get scared
El chico más rebelde del grupo se arrugó cuando llegó la policía.The most rebellious guy in the group got scared when the police arrived.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (ropa, papel)
a. to crease, to crumple
2. (piel)
a. to wrinkle
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (ropa)
a. to get creased
4. (piel)
a. to get wrinkled
5. (colloquial)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
no se arrugaronthey were undaunted
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
[+cara] to wrinkle; line; [+ceño] to knit; [+papel] to crumple; screw up; [+ropa] to ruck up; crumple
arrugar la cara to screw up one's face; arrugar el entrecejo to knit one's brow; frown
pronominal verb
1 [+cara] to wrinkle; wrinkle up; get wrinkled; [+ropa] to crease; get creased; [+planta] to shrivel up
2 (México) (asustarse) to get scared; get frightened
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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