alumbrar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
alumbrar(
ah
-
loom
-
brahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to give light to)
a. to light
¿Nos llevamos una linterna para alumbrar el camino?Shall we take a lantern to light the way?
b. to light up
Por la noche, una multitud de focos alumbran el edificio presidencial.Many spotlights light up the presidencial building at night.
c. to illuminate
Proyectan poner farolas para alumbrar el paseo.They're planning to put up street lamps to illuminate the avenue.
2. (to clarify)
a. to shed light on
Su libro alumbra las complejidades de montar una empresa.His book sheds light on the complexity that comes with starting your own business.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to inspire)
a. to enlighten
Las prácticas espirituales alumbran el alma.Spiritual practice enlightens the soul.
4. (to deliver)
a. to give birth to
Alumbró a su hijo mediante cesárea.She gave birth to her son by Caesarean section.
5. (to invent)
a. to conceive of
En 1967, Julia Kristeva alumbró el concepto de intertextualidad.Kristeva conceived of the concept of intertextuality in 1967.
6. (to discover)
a. to find (underground water)
En estos terrenos, existe la posibilidad de alumbrar aguas del subsuelo.In these lands, it is possible to find water in the subsoil.
7. (to bewitch)
Regionalism used in Honduras
(Honduras)
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
a. to put under a spell
Esa mujer trató de alumbrar a Pedro.That woman tried to put Pedro under a spell.
b. to cast a spell
¿De verdad crees que alguien podría alumbrarte?Do you really believe someone could cast a spell on you?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
8. (to emit light)
a. to give off light
Esos focos apenas alumbran.Those lightbulbs give off hardly any light at all.
9. (to deliver)
a. to give birth
Alumbró tras muchas horas de parto.She gave birth after many hours of labor.
alumbrarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to get drunk)
a. to get lit up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Tiene resaca porque ayer se alumbró en la fiesta.He has a hangover because yesterday he got lit up at the party.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
alumbrar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (iluminar)
a. to light up
2. (dar a luz)
a. to give birth to
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (iluminar)
a. to give light
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
alumbrar
transitive verb
1 (iluminar) [+cuarto, calle, ciudad] to light; [+estadio, edificio, monumento] to light up
una sola bombilla alumbraba el cuarto the room was lit by a single bulb; la felicidad alumbró su rostro his face lit up with happiness; el sol alumbra la tierra the sun illuminates the earth
2 (enfocar) (con linterna, foco)
ve delante y alumbra el camino you go ahead and light the way
alúmbrame con la linterna para bajar al pozo
alumbra aquí shine the light here
3 [+asunto] to shed light on
4 (instruir) to enlighten
5 [+agua] to find
6 (Religión) [+ciego] to give sight to
intransitive verb
1 (dar luz) to give light; shed light
esta bombilla alumbra bien this bulb gives a good light
el sol alumbra y da calor
2 (dar a luz) to give birth
pronominal verb
alumbrarse (emborracharse) to get lit up (familiar)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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