Spanish Pronunciation 
Cheat Sheet
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to get to)
a. to reach
¿Me pasas ese libro? No lo alcanzo.Can you pass me that book? I can't reach it.
b. to catch
A que no me alcanzas.Bet you can't catch me.
c. to catch up with
Los alcancé justo antes de que se fueran.I caught up with them just before they left.
2. (to rise to)
a. to reach
La temperatura alcanzó los 42ºC el fin de semana.The temperature reached 42ºC over the weekend.
3. (to accomplish)
a. to achieve
No alcanzaron la meta que se habían propuesto.They didn't achieve the goal they had set themselves.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to be sufficient)
a. to be enough
No alcanzan los fondos para seguir apoyando el proyecto.There isn't enough funding to continue supporting the project.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (igualarse con)
a. to catch up with
¿a que no me alcanzas?bet you can't catch me!
2. (llegar a)
a. to reach
alcanzar la metato reach the finishing line
lo alcancé con una escaleraI used a ladder to reach it
alcanzó la costa a nadohe swam to the coast
este coche alcanza los 200 km/hthis car can do up to o reach 200 km/h
el desempleo ha alcanzado un máximo históricounemployment is at o has reached an all-time high
3. (lograr)
a. to achieve
alcanzar la fama/el éxitoto achieve fame/success
4. (entregar)
alcánzame ese jarrón, que no llego hasta el estantecould you get that vase down for me, I can't reach the shelf
5. (golpear, dar)
a. to hit
le alcanzaron dos disparoshe was hit by two shots
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
6. (ser suficiente)
alcanzar para algo/alguiento be enough for something/somebody
alcanzar para hacer algoto be enough to do something
no sé si alcanzará para todosI don't know if there'll be enough for everyone
7. (poder)
alcanzar a hacer algoto be able to do something
alcancé a verlo unos segundosI managed to see him for a few seconds
no alcanzo a comprender por quéI can't begin to understand why
8. (llegar)
no alcanzoI can't reach it
hasta donde alcanza la vistaas far as the eye can see
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (en carrera) [+persona] (llegar a la altura de) to catch up (with)
cuando lo alcancé
la alcancé cuando salía por la puerta I caught up with her o I caught her up just as she was going out of the door; están a punto de alcanzar al grupo de cabeza they are about to catch (up with) the leading group; dentro de poco alcanzará a su padre en altura he'll soon be as tall as his father
[+ladrón, autobús, tren] to catch
no nos alcanzarán nunca they'll never catch us
2 (llegar a) [+cima, límite, edad] to reach
unos límites que no habían sido alcanzados antes estuvimos a punto de alcanzar nuesto objetivo
por fin alcanzaron la cima they finally reached the summit
alcanzar la cima de la montaña
alcanzó las cajas con un palo she reached the boxes with a stick; puede alcanzar una velocidad de 200km/h it can reach speeds of up to 200km/h; alcanzó el rango de general he reached the rank of general; la producción ha alcanzado las 20 toneladas production has reached 20 tons; el libro ha alcanzado ya las seis ediciones the book is already in its sixth edition; las montañas alcanzan los 5.000m the mountains rise to 5,000m; el termómetro llegó a alcanzar los cuarenta grados temperatures rose as high as forty degrees
alcanzar la mayoría de edad to come of age
alcanzó la orilla a nado he made it to the shore by swimming; he swam back to the shore
no llegó a alcanzar la pubertad he never made it as far as puberty
3 (conseguir) [+acuerdo] to reach; [+éxito, objetivo] to achieve
el acuerdo fue alcanzado tras muchos meses de conversaciones the agreement was reached after many months of talks
Los éxitos alcanzados en los laboratorios de la Universidad de Illinois
las expectativas no se corresponden con los resultados alcanzados the expectations are out of proportion with the results that have been achieved
alcanzar la fama to find fame; become famous
alcanzar la paz to achieve peace
4 (afectar) to affect
el cambio nos alcanzará a todos the change will affect us all; una ley que alcanza sobre todo a los jubilados a law which mainly affects o hits pensioners
a mí ese problema no me alcanza
5 [+bala] to hit
uno de los dos disparos alcanzó al presidente the president was hit by one of the two shots; la lancha fue alcanzada por un obús the launch was hit by a shell
6 especialmente (Latinoamérica) (dar) to pass
alcanzar algo [a] algn
alcánzame la sal, por favor could you pass (me) the salt, please?; ¿me alcanzas las tijeras? could you pass me the scissors?
7 (entender) to grasp; understand
no alcanza más allá de lo que le han enseñado he's only capable of understanding what he's been taught
alcanzar un [puesto]
intransitive verb
1 (llegar) to reach;a, hasta as far as
no alcanzo I can't reach; no alcanzaba al timbre she couldn't reach (as far as) the doorbell
hasta donde alcanza la vista as far as the eye can see
alcanzar a hacer algo to manage to do sth
no alcancé a verlo I didn't manage to see him; no alcanzo a ver cómo pudo suceder I can't see how it can have happened
no alcanza a hacerlo
no alcanzo a comprender sus razones I just can't understand her reasons
3 (ser suficiente) to be enough
con dos botellas alcanzará para todos two bottles will be enough for everyone
alcanzar para todos
el sueldo no me alcanza para nada I can't make ends meet on my salary; ¿te alcanza para el tren? especialmente (Latinoamérica) have you got enough money for the train?
4 (Latinoamérica) (ascender)
¿a cuánto alcanza todo? how much does it all come to?
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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