afirmar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
afirmar(
ah
-
feer
-
mahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to proclaim)
a. to assert
El presidente afirmó con seguridad que en su país no existe la corrupción.The president asserted confidently that there is no corruption in his country.
b. to declare
El médico afirmó que cuando el paciente llegó al hospital, ya no había nada que pudieran hacer.The doctor declared that when the patient made it to the hospital, there wasn't anything they could do.
c. to state
El sospechoso ha afirmado que estaba trabajando a la hora que se cometió el crimen.The suspect has stated that he was working at the time the crime was committed.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (with your head)
a. to nod
Le pregunté a mi papá si podía tomar el coche, y me lo afirmó con la cabeza.I asked my dad if I could use the car and he nodded his head.
afirmarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to maintain balance)
a. to steady oneself
Me sentí mareado, así que me apoyé con la mano en la pared para afirmarme.I felt dizzy, so I put a hand on the wall to steady myself.
4. (to maintain)
a. to stand by
A pesar de la polémica, la periodista se afirmó en lo que había escrito.Despite the controversy, the journalist stood by what she had written.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
afirmar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (decir)
a. to say, to declare
afirmó que…he stated that…
afirmó haber hablado con ellahe said o stated that he had talked to her
2. (reforzar)
a. to reinforce
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (asentir)
a. to agree, to consent
afirmar con la cabezato nod (in agreement)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (asegurarse)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
afirmarse en los estribosto steady oneself in the stirrups
5. (ratificarse)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
afirmarse en algoto reaffirm something
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
afirmar
transitive verb
1 (reforzar) to make secure; strengthen
2 (declarar) to assert; state; [+lealtad] to declare; protest
afirmar que to affirm that; afirmar bajo juramento to swear under oath
3 (Latinoamérica) [+golpe] to deal; give
pronominal verb
afirmarse
1 (recobrar el equilibrio) to steady o.s.
afirmarse en los estribos (sujetarse) to settle one's feet firmly in the stirrups; (S. Cone) (aguantarse) to grit one's teeth
2
afirmarse en lo dicho to stand by what one has said
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Word Roots
Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root.
Loading roots
Examplesloading
Learn Spanish with Fluencia
Try Fluencia, the new Spanish learning program from SpanishDict.
  • Fun and interactive
  • Highly effective
  • Easy to use
  • Works on any device
Start Learning
Did this page answer your question?