A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to influence)
a. to affect
Políticas de esa índole afectarán negativamente el desempeño de nuestras acciones.Such policies will affect negatively the performance of our stocks.
2. (to afflict)
a. to affect
La muerte de su esposo la afectó profundamente.The death of her husband affected her profoundly.
b. to sadden
Me afectaron mucho sus palabras y me eché a llorar.Her words saddened me deeply, and I started crying.
c. to upset
La traición de su aliado no lo afectó en nada.His ally's betrayal didn't upset him at all.
3. (to have to do with)
a. to concern
Lo que están discutiendo a ti no te afecta.What they're discussing doesn't concern you.
4. (to pretend)
a. to affect
Siempre afecta ignorancia cuando arruina algo.He always affects ignorance when he spoils something.
b. to feign
El acusado afectaba demencia en presencia del jurado.The defendant feigned insanity in the presence of the jury.
5. (legal)
a. to encumber
El comprador no tiene derecho a afectar los bienes enviados por el vendedor.The buyer is not entitled to encumber goods delivered by the supplier.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (to suffer effects)
a. to be affected
No va a afectarse porque no siente compasión ni piedad.He is not going to be affected because he has no compassion or mercy.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (influir)
a. to affect
las medidas afectan a los pensionistasthe measures affect pensioners
2. (afligir)
a. to upset, to affect badly
le afectó mucho la muerte de su hermanohis brother's death hit him hard
3. (alterar)
a. to damage
a esta madera le afecta mucho la humedadthis wood is easily damaged by damp
4. (simular)
a. to affect, to feign
afectó enfadohe feigned o affected anger
transitive verb
1 (repercutir sobre) to affect
el paro afecta especialmente a los jóvenes unemployment affects young people in particular
las nuevas medidas no afectan a los pensionistas
la falta de oxígeno afecta al cerebro lack of oxygen affects the brain
el golpe le afectó al hígado las intensas lluvias no afectarán al sur las lluvias torrenciales afectarán a los cultivos
por lo que afecta al tema de la contaminación as far as the question of pollution is concerned
2 (entristecer) to sadden; (conmover) to move
su muerte nos afectó mucho we were terribly saddened by his death
nos afectó muchísimo la noticia
me afectaron mucho las imágenes del documental I was very moved by the pictures in the documentary
3 (fingir) to affect; feign
afectar ignorancia to affect o feign ignorance
4 (Jur) to tie up; encumber
5 (Latinoamérica) [+forma] to take; assume
6 (Latinoamérica) (destinar) to allocate
pronominal verb
afectarse (Latinoamérica) (enfermar) to fall ill
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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