Quick answer
"Off" is an adverb which is often translated as "apagado", and "be" is a copular verb which is often translated as "ser". Learn more about the difference between "off" and "be" below.
off(
af
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (electricity)
a. apagado
If you press the button while the radio is off, it turns on automatically.Si pulsas el botón cuando la radio está apagada, se enciende automáticamente.
2. (distant)
a. a
The mailbox is some yards off to the right.El buzón está a unas yardas a la derecha.
3. (indicating departure)
a. irse
I'm off to Colombia on Monday!¡Me voy a Colombia el lunes!
4. (indicating removal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Pull the label off.Saca la etiqueta.
When she takes her scarf off, you can see the necklace she is wearing.Cuando se quita la bufanda, se puede ver el collar que lleva puesto.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
5. (from)
a. de
I fell off the bed and crushed my glasses.Me caí de la cama y aplasté mis lentes.
6. (absent from)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm off work until the new year.Estoy fuera de la oficina hasta el año nuevo.
The kids have the day off of school because of snow.Los niños no tienen que ir a la escuela a causa de la nieve.
7. (near)
a. cerca
I live on a small street just off the main road.Vivo en una pequeña calle cerca de la carretera principal.
8. (indicating abstinence)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She is off sugar as she is trying to lose some weight.No consume azúcar porque está tratando de perder peso.
The doctor warned him about going off his medication.El doctor le advirtió que no debería dejar de tomar su medicamento.
9. (indicating removal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I need you to take a link off this watch.Necesito que le quite un eslabón a este reloj.
Take that towel off that chair.Saca la toalla de esa silla.
b. de descuento (pricing)
Subscribe to our newsletter and get 20% off your next purchase.Suscríbase a nuestro boletín para conseguir un 20% de descuento en su próxima compra.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
10. (cancelled)
a. cancelado
The event is off due to a scheduling error.Se ha cancelado el evento debido a un error de planificación.
11. (wrong)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
His table manners are a bit off.Sus modales en la mesa dejan algo que desear.
I thought Julia was a bit off with me this morning.Me pareció que Julia fue algo brusca conmigo esta mañana.
12. (electricity)
a. apagado
Press the off button to end a call.Pulsa el botón de apagado para finalizar una llamada.
13. (unwell)
a. mal
He had gone to bed early because he felt off.Se fue a cama temprano porque se sentía mal.
14. (food)
a. malo
The milk is off because you left it out of the fridge.La leche está mala porque la dejaste fuera de la nevera.
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be(
bi
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to indicate a permanent quality)
a. ser
The ocean is blue.El océano es azul.
2. (used to indicate a temporary state)
a. estar
I'm not in a good mood today.Hoy no estoy de buen humor.
The sky is cloudy.El cielo está nublado.
3. (followed by a noun)
a. ser
France is a member of the European Union.Francia es un miembro de la Unión Europea.
4. (used to indicate a profession or occupation)
a. ser
What do you do for a living? - I'm a doctor.¿A qué te dedicas? - Soy médico.
5. (used with dates)
a. ser
My birthday is July 26th.Mi cumpleaños es el 26 de julio.
b. estamos a (present day)
Today is Thursday.Hoy estamos a jueves.
6. (imperative mood)
a. ser
Be polite with guests.Sé educado con los invitados.
b. estar
Be quiet, and don't move!¡Estate callado y no te muevas!
7. (used to indicate age)
a. tener
My brother is 30 years old.Mi hermano tiene 30 años.
8. (to cost)
a. costar
One pizza and two drinks are $15.Una pizza y dos bebidas cuestan $15.
b. ser
Shipping is three dollars.El envío es tres dólares.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to take place)
a. ser
The party is at my place.La fiesta es en mi casa.
10. (to be present)
a. estar
My sister is in her room.Mi hermana está en su habitación.
11. (to visit; used with the present perfect)
a. estar
I've been to New York three times.He estado en Nueva York tres veces.
b. venir
The mailman has been here, but he didn't bring your package.El cartero ha venido, pero no trajo tu paquete.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
12. (to exist)
a. haber
There are no trees on our road.No hay árboles en nuestra calle.
13. (used to indicate time)
a. ser
It is bedtime.Es hora de ir a dormir.
14. (used to refer to the weather)
a. hacer
It's too windy to go up in a balloon.Hace demasiado viento para ir en globo.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
15. (with tenses of continuous action)
a. estar
I am reading a book.Estoy leyendo un libro.
16. (with the passive voice)
a. ser
The church was built in 1900.La iglesia fue construida en 1900.
17. (when substituting a verb)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm going to the party. - So am I.Voy a la fiesta. - Yo también.
It is a lovely day, isn't it?Es un día precioso, ¿verdad?
18. (with infinitive constructions)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I don't know how much salt is to be added to the sauce.No sé cuánta sal hay que añadir a la salsa.
The assignment is to be done by next Thursday.La tarea tiene que estar para el jueves que viene.
19. (used to indicate the future)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
My baby is due in three months.Mi bebé nacerá dentro de tres meses.
Tomorrow, I'm going to the dentist.Mañana voy al dentista.
20. (in conditional sentences)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Had it not been for his family, he would have never become an artist.Si no fuera por su familia, nunca habría sido artista.
If I were you, I would not go.Yo en tu lugar, no iría.
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