A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in space)
a. de
The plane from Madrid arrives at 3 pm.El avión de Madrid llega a las 3 pm.
b. desde
I drove from the lake to my house.Conduje desde el lago hasta mi casa.
2. (in time)
a. desde
From that day onwards, they were inseparable.Desde aquel día, fueron inseparables.
3. (used to indicate source)
a. de
Don't drink water from the hose!¡No bebas agua de la manguera!
I'm from San Juan, Puerto Rico.Soy de San Juan, Puerto Rico.
4. (used to indicate distance)
a. de
The car stopped just two meters from the finish line.El auto se detuvo a sólo dos metros de la meta.
5. (used to indicate range)
a. de
The trip can take from 30 to 45 minutes, depending on traffic.El viaje puede tardar de 30 a 45 minutos, según el tráfico.
6. (used to indicate removal)
a. de
He was dismissed from his post.Lo despidieron de su cargo.
7. (used to indicate cause)
a. de
He died from a brain tumor.Murió de un tumor cerebral.
8. (used to indicate prevention)
a. de
The plants need to be protected from frost.Hay que proteger las plantas de las heladas.
9. (in comparisons)
a. de
My situation is different from yours.Mi situación es diferente de la tuya.
10. (mathematics)
a. menos
25 from 50 is 25.50 menos 25 es 25.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (expressing place)
a. de
2. (expressing specific location or origin)
a. desde
from above/the outsidedesde arriba/fuera or
there's a great view from the topdesde la cima la vista es magnífica
to travel from Edinburgh to Madridviajar de Edimburgo a Madrid
the train from Manchesterel tren (procedente) de Manchester
10 km from Barcelonaa 10 km de Barcelona
3. (expressing time)
a. desde
from then (on)desde entonces
from tomorrowa partir de mañana
from morning to or till nightde la mañana a la noche
from the beginningdesde el principio
from six to seven (o'clock)de (las) seis a (las) siete
five years from nowde aquí a cinco años
to be blind from birthser ciego(a) de nacimiento
4. (expressing range, change)
from … to…de… a…
for children from seven to nine (years)para niños de siete a nueve años
wine from £4 a bottlevinos desde 4 libras la botella
5. (expressing source)
a. de
I bought it from a friendse lo compré a un amigo
where are you from?, where do you come from?¿de dónde eres?
she's from Portugales portuguesa or de Portugal
to drink from a cupbeber de una taza or en taza
a quotation from the Bibleuna cita de la Biblia
made from rubberhecho(a) de goma
6. (expressing removal)
to take something from somebodyquitar or
he was banned from the clubfue expulsado del club
7. (on the basis of)
from what I heard/saw…(a juzgar) por lo que yo he oído/visto…
to act from convictionactuar por convicción
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
from [frɒm]
1 (indicating starting place) de; desde
where are you from? ¿de dónde eres?; where has he come from? ¿de dónde ha venido?; he comes from Segovia es de Segovia; he had gone from home se había ido de su casa; the train from Madrid el tren de Madrid; el tren procedente de Madrid; from London to Glasgow de Londres a Glasgow; from house to house de casa en casa; from A to Z de A a Z; desde A hasta Z
2 (indicating time) de; desde
from now on de aquí en adelante; from that time desde aquel momento; from one o'clock to or until two desde la una hasta las dos; (as) from Friday a partir del viernes
from a child from childhood desde niño
from time to time de vez en cuando
3 (indicating distance) de; desde
the hotel is 1km from the beach el hotel está a 1km de la playa; a long way from home muy lejos de casa; to be far from the truth estar lejos de la verdad
4 (indicating sender etc) de
a letter from my sister una carta de mi hermana; a telephone call from Mr Smith una llamada de parte del Sr. Smith; a message from him un mensaje de parte de él; tell him from me dile de mi parte
5 (indicating source) de
to drink from a stream/from the bottle beber de un arroyo/de la botella; we learned it from him lo aprendimos de él; we learned it from a book lo aprendimos en un libro; a quotation from Shakespeare una cita de Shakespeare; to steal sth from sb robar algo a algn; to pick sb from the crowd escoger a algn de la multitud; I'll buy it from you te lo compraré; where did you get that from? ¿de dónde has sacado or sacaste eso?; take the gun from him! ¡quítale el revólver!; one of the best performances we have seen from him uno de los mejores papeles que le hayamos visto; painted from life pintado del natural
6 (indicating price, number etc) desde; a partir de
we have shirts from £8 (upwards) tenemos camisas desde or a partir de 8 libras; prices range from £10 to £50 los precios varían entre 10 y 50 libras; there were from 10 to 15 people there había allí entre 10 y 15 personas
7 (indicating change)
things went from bad to worse las cosas fueron de mal en peor; the interest rate increased from 6% to 10% la tasa de interés ha subido del 6 al 10 por ciento; he went from office boy to director in five years pasó de ser recadero a director en cinco años
8 (indicating difference)
to be different from sb ser distinto de algn; he can't tell red from green no distingue entre rojo y verde; to know good from bad saber distinguir entre el bien y el mal; saber distinguir el bien del mal
9 (because of, on the basis of) por
to act from conviction obrar por convicción; from sheer necessity por pura necesidad; weak from hunger debilitado por el hambre; from what I can see por lo que veo; from what he says por lo que dice; según lo que dice; from experience por experiencia; to die from exposure morir de frío
10 (away from)
to shelter from the rain protegerse de la lluvia; to escape from sth/sb escapar de algo/algn; to prevent sb from doing sth impedir a algn hacer algo
11 (with prep, adv)
from above desde arriba; from afar desde lejos; from among the crowd de entre la multitud; from beneath or underneath desde abajo; from inside/outside the house desde dentro/fuera de la casa
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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