Take a Practice Quiz Reciprocal verbs and pronouns
You can use reciprocal verbs to indicate that two or more people are equally performing an action on each other. The most common translation is that two or more people do something to or with "each other."
- Antonio y yo nos besamos. (Antonio and I kiss each other.)
- ¿Os conocéis? (Do you all know each other?)
- Juan y María se casaron. (Juan and Maria got married (to each other).)
- Los estudiantes se ayudan. (The students help each other.)
Reciprocal verbs are a combination of a verb and a reciprocal pronoun. Since reciprocal actions are always two or more people performing an action on or to each other, there are only 3 reciprocal pronouns and they are all plural.
|1st person||nos (to, for, from, or off ourselves)|
|2nd person||os (to, for, from, or off yourselves)|
|3rd person||se (to, for, from, or off themselves, yourselves)|
Note that reciprocal pronouns have the exact same forms as reflexive pronouns. To differentiate a reflexive action from a reciprocal action, the use of expressions such as uno al otro, uno a otro, mutuamente, recíprocamente, entre sí, etc. can be added to a phrase to show the subjects are performing the action on each other rather than to themselves. A sí mismos is used for reflexive expressions.
- Se aman a sí mismos. (They love themselves.)
- Se aman uno al otro. (They love each other.)
- No nos vemos a nosotros mismos. (We can’t see ourselves.)
- No nos vemos uno a otro. (We can’t see each other.)
While there is no definite list of reciprocal verbs, below you will find a chart of some common verbs that can act on more than one subjects.
|abrazarse (to hug each other)||conocerse (to know each other)||mirarse (to see each other)|
|ayudarse (to help each other)||despedirse (to say good-bye to each other)||pelearse (to fight with each other)|
|besarse (to kiss each other)||divorciarse (to divorce each other)||reunirse (to get together)|
|casarse (to marry each other)||estrellarse (to crash into each other)||turnarse (to take turns)|
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