The verb "spoil" is always used in continuous tenses in the sense shown in 5).
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to ruin)
a. echar a perder
She spoiled the surprise when she told everyone what was happening.Ella echó a perder la sorpresa cuando le dijo a todo el mundo lo que estaba sucediendo.
b. estropear
Please go away. You're spoiling my fun with your bad attitude.Por favor, vete. Me estás estropeando la diversión con tu mala actitud.
c. arruinar
Alexa spoiled her sister's plans when she asked Eric out on a date.Alexa arruinó los planes de su hermana cuando invitó a Eric a salir.
2. (to pamper)
a. mimar
Judy loves to spoil her grandchildren.A Judy le encanta mimar a sus nietos.
b. consentir
My husband loves to spoil me on special occasions.A mi marido le encanta consentirme en ocasiones especiales.
c. malcriar (children)
Don't spoil your kids so much, or they will grow up to be brats.No malcríes a tus hijos tanto o se convertirán en unos mocosos consentidos.
3. (to invalidate)
a. invalidar
Thousands of voters spoiled their ballots in protest of the dearth of choices.Miles de votantes invalidaron sus papeletas en protesta por la falta de opciones.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to go bad)
a. estropearse
If we leave the vegetables in the refrigerator for too long, they are going to spoil.Si dejamos las verduras en el refrigerador demasiado tiempo, se van a estropear.
b. echarse a perder
The leftovers that I was going to eat tonight are already spoiled.Las sobras que me iba a comer esta noche ya se echaron a perder.
5. (to be eager; used with "for")
a. buscarse
He's been spoiling for trouble all day.Lleva todo el día buscando problemas.
b. estar deseando
Look out. Fred just walked in, and he looks like he's spoiling for a fight.Ten cuidado. Fred acaba de entrar y parece que está deseando tener una pelea.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (loot)
a. el botín
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After raiding the village, the pirates collected the spoils.Después de asaltar el pueblo, los piratas recogieron el botín.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (ruin)
a. estropear
to spoil somebody's funaguarle la fiesta a alguien
to spoil somebody's appetitequitarle or
2. (politics)
spoiled ballotvoto nulo, papeleta nula boleta f nula
3. (indulge; person)
a. mimar, consentir
a spoiled childun niño/una niña mimado(a)
to be spoiled for choicetener mucho donde elegir
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (fruit, fish)
a. estropearse
to be spoiling for a fighttener ganas de pelea
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
spoil [spɔɪl] spoiled spoilt
transitive verb
1 (ruin) estropear; arruinar; (harm) dañar; (invalidate) [+voting paper] invalidar
the coast has been spoiled by development la costa ha sido arruinada por las urbanizaciones; it spoiled our holiday nos estropeó las vacaciones; and there were 20 spoiled papers y hubo 20 votos nulos; it will spoil your appetite te quitará el apetito; to spoil sb's fun aguar la fiesta a algn; to get spoiled echarse a perder; estropearse
2 (pamper) mimar; consentir; (LAm)
grandparents like to spoil their grandchildren a los abuelos les encanta mimar a los nietos
intransitive verb
1 [+food] estropearse; echarse a perder
if we leave it here it will spoil si lo dejamos aquí se estropeará or se echará a perder
to be spoiling for a fight estar con ganas de luchar or pelear; (LAm)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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