refrescar

refrescar(
rreh
-
frehs
-
kahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make cool)
a. to cool
Mario metió las cervezas en la nevera para refrescarlas.Mario put the beers in the fridge to cool them.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to study up on)
a. to brush up on
¿Me puedes refrescar las fórmulas de física para el examen final?Can you help me brush up on the physics formulas for the final exam?
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
impersonal verb
3. (weather)
a. to cool down
Después de verano empieza a refrescar y necesitas ponerte una chaqueta.After summer it starts to cool down and you need to wear a jacket.
b. to get cooler
Deberías llevar pantalón largo por si después refresca.You should wear long pants in case it gets cooler later.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to make you feel refreshed)
a. to be refreshing
¡Esta bebida sí que refresca!This drink is so refreshing!
refrescarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (to become cool)
a. to cool down
Tengo calor y estoy sudado, así que voy a tomar una ducha para refrescarme.I'm hot and sweaty, so I'm going to take a shower to cool down.
En verano, a Sara le gusta ir a la playa para poder refrescarse en el mar.In summer, Sara likes to go to the beach so she can cool down in the sea.
b. to cool off
La única forma de sobrevivir en agosto en Madrid es refrescándote con aire acondicionado.The only way you can survive in August in Madrid is cooling off with air conditioning.
c. to get a breath of fresh air
Hacía calor y necesitaba refrescarme, así que decidí dar un paseo por el parque.It was hot and I needed to get a breath of fresh air, so I decided to take a walk in the park.
6. (to wash up)
a. to freshen up
Como la cita es en una hora, tengo que refrescarme y vestirme.Now that my date is in an hour, I have to freshen up and get dressed.
7. (to drink)
a. to have a drink
¿Por qué no vienes a mi casa a refrescarte y luego a comer algo?Why don't you come to my place to have a drink and then eat something?
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refrescar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (enfriar)
a. to refresh
2. (bebidas)
a. to chill
3. (conocimientos)
a. to brush up
refrescar la memoria a alguiento refresh somebody's memory
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (bebida)
a. to be refreshing
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
impersonal verb
5. (general)
a. to cool down
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (tomar aire fresco)
a. to get a breath of fresh air
7. (mojarse con agua fría)
a. to splash oneself down
refrescar
transitive verb
1 (enfriar) to cool; cool down
2 [+conocimiento] to brush up; polish up
refrescar la memoria to refresh one's memory
3 [+acto] to repeat; [+enemistad, interés] to renew
intransitive verb
1 (Meteorología) to get cooler; cool down
en septiembre ya refresca it starts to get cooler in September
2 [+bebida] to be refreshing
3 (México) (Med) to get better
pronominal verb
refrescarse
1 (tomar el aire) to go out for a breath of fresh air
2 (lavarse) to freshen up
3 (beber) to have a drink; (And) especialmente (Col) (tomar té) to have tea
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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