rayar
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rayar(
rrah
-
yahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to leave a mark on)
a. to scratch
Me rayaron el auto con una llave.Somebody scratched my car with a key.
2. (to mark with lines)
a. to draw lines on
El niño rayó las paredes y el piso con un marcador.The toddler drew lines on the walls and on the floor with a marker.
b. to rule lines on
Mi hijo tomó un bolígrago y rayó mi pasaporte.My son took a pen and ruled lines on my passport.
c. to rule
El dibujante rayó el bosquejo, arrugó el papel y lo arrojó a la basura.The drawer ruled the sketch, crumpled the paper into a ball and threw it into the trash can.
3. (to doodle on)
a. to scribble on
En vez de tomar apuntes, me pasé la clase rayando mi cuaderno.Instead of taking notes, I spent the class scribbling on my notebook.
b. to scrawl
Rayó su número de teléfono en un papel y me lo dio.She scrawled her number on a piece of paper and handed it to me.
4. (to compensate with wages)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to pay
Si el patrón me raya esta semana, te invito la cena.If my boss pays me this week, I'll take you out for dinner.
5. (to drive insane)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to drive crazy
¡Tu impaciencia me está rayando!Your impatience is driving me crazy!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to leave a mark)
a. to scratch
Limpie la superficie de la vitrocerámica con un estropajo que no raye.Clean your ceramic hob with a non-scratching scouring pad.
7. (to be close; used with "en" or "con")
a. to border on
Su comportamiento agresivo raya en la locura.His aggressive behavior borders on crazy.
b. to verge on
La devastadora crítica rayaba con el insulto.The devastating critique verged on insult.
c. to push
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(age)
Aunque esté rayando en los 30, todavía se ve como una adolescente.Although she's pushing 30, she still looks like a teenager.
8. (to abut; used with "con")
a. to be adjacent to
Nuestra casa raya con una discoteca.Our house is adjacent to a night club.
b. to lie on the border with
La aldea está rayando con la frontera de Francia.The village lies on the border with France.
c. to be next to
La estación de bomberos raya con la comisaría.The fire station is next to the police station.
9.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to begin the day)
a. to dawn
El barco zarpó cuando rayaba el día.The ship set sail as the day dawned.
b. to break
Los granjeros se despiertan cuando raya el alba.The farmers wake up when the dawn breaks.
10. (to get your wage)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to get paid
Hoy rayé, así que yo invito los tragos.I got paid today, so drinks are on me.
b. to draw one's wage
No tengo suficiente dinero ahora, así que tengo que esperar a que raye para comprarlo.I don't have enough money now, so I have to wait until I draw my wage to buy it.
rayarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
11. (to get marks)
a. to get scratched
Se me cayó el disco al suelo y se rayó.I dropped the record and it got scratched.
12.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to go mad) (Southern Cone)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to go crazy
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Marcos se rayó tanto cuando su jefe lo despidió que rompió una computadora.Marcos went so crazy when his boss fired him that he smashed a computer.
b. to go off one's rocker
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Si un vecino estaciona en la entrada de mi casa, yo me rayo.I go off my rocker if a neighbor parks in my driveway.
c. to go off one's head
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
La anfitriona se rayó cuando volqué vino tinto sobre el mantel blanco.The hostess went off her head when I spilled red wine on the white tablecloth.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
rayar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (disco, superficie)
a. to scratch
2. (papel)
a. to rule lines on
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (aproximarse)
a.
rayar en algoto border on something
raya en los cuarentahe's pushing forty
4. (alba)
a. to break
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (disco, superficie)
a. to get scratched
6. (fig)
a.
parece que te has rayadoyou're like a broken record
7. (colloquial) (Southern Cone)
a. to go crazy o
b. off one's head (United Kingdom)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
rayar
transitive verb
1 [+papel] to rule; draw lines on
2 [+disco, mueble] to scratch
3 [+cheque] to cross
4 (garabatear) to scribble on
el niño empezó a rayar el libro con el rotulador
5 [+caballo] to spur on
6 (México) (pagar) to pay; pay his wages to
7 (S. Cone)
intransitive verb
1
rayar con (lindar) to be next to; be adjacent to
2
rayar en (asemejarse) to border on; verge on; esto raya en lo increíble this verges on the incredible; raya en los cincuenta he's pushing fifty (familiar)
3 (arañar) to scratch
este producto no raya al fregar this product cleans without scratching
4
al rayar el alba at break of day; at first light
5 (México) (cobrar) to draw one's wages
pronominal verb
rayarse
1 [+objeto] to get scratched
2 (And) (ver realizados sus deseos) to see one's dreams come true
3 (México) (enriquecerse) to get rich
4 (And) (S. Cone) (enojarse) to lose one's temper
5 (S. Cone) (enloquecer) to go crazy
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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