rajar

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rajar(
rrah
-
hahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to break)
a. to crack
El candelabro cayó al suelo y rajó los cerámicos.The chandelier fell to the ground and cracked the tiles.
b. to tear
Escapamos y vimos como el oso rajó la tela de la tienda de campaña.We escaped and saw the bear tear the fabric of the tent.
c. to rip
¡Rajaste las medias con tus uñas largas!You've ripped your pantyhose with your long nails!
d. to slice
Raja las baldosas por la mitad con una amoladora.Slice the tiles in two with a grinder.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to stab)
a. to knife
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Sacó un cuchillo y me dijo, "¡Dame la billetera o te rajo!"He pulled out a knife and said, "Give me your wallet or I'll knife you!"
b. to cut up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Un tipo borracho me rajó la cara con una botella rota.A drunk man cut up my face with a broken bottle.
c. to slash
Si te vuelvo a ver por este barrio, te rajo el cuello.If I see you in this neighborhood again, I'll slash your throat.
3. (education)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
a. to fail
Rajé el examen de matemáticas porque no tuve tiempo para estudiar.I failed the math exam because I didn't have time to study.
b. to flunk
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Si rajo este examen, me quitan la beca.If I flunk the exam, I will lose my scholarship.
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to lay off) (River Plate)
a. to fire
Hace rato que no veo a Marcos en la oficina. - Lo rajaron la semana pasada.I haven't seen Marcos around in the office in a while. - He got fired last week.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to throw out) (Southern Cone)
a. to kick out
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Mi jefe amenazó con rajarme de la oficina si sigo llegando tarde al trabajo.My boss threatened to kick me out of the office if I keep on showing up late for work.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to inform on)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to rat out
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Qué te pasa? ¿Por qué me rajaste con el jefe?What's your problem? Why did you rat me out to the boss?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to speak ill; used with "de")
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to bad-mouth
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
No rajarías del yoga si alguna vez lo hubieras practicado.You wouldn't badmouth yoga if you had tried it.
b. to run down
No la contratamos porque se la pasó rajando de su trabajo anterior.We didn't hire her because she kept on running down her previous job.
c. to slander
Mis colegas rajan de mí porque están celosos.My coworkers slander me because they are jealous.
d. to slag off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Aunque los críticos la rajen, es una actriz brillante.Despite being slagged off by critics, she's a brilliant actress.
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to talk incessantly)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to chatter
Ya deja de rajar, hombre. Me estás dando jaqueca.Stop chattering, man. You're giving me a headache.
9.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to flee)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
a. to run away
Escuchamos un tiro y rajamos.We ran away after we heard a gunshot.
b. to hightail it
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Rajemos del parque antes de que se largue el diluvio.Let's hightail it from the park before it starts pouring.
c. to scarper
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Los inquilinos rajaron y se llevaron todo del apartamento antes de que el dueño pudo cobrar el alquiler.The tenants scarpered and cleared the apartment before the landlord could collect the rent.
rajarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
10. (to break)
a. to crack
La ventana se rajó durante el terremoto.The window cracked during the earthquake.
b. to tear
¡No me tires de la camisa! La tela se rajará.Don't pull my shirt! The fabric will tear.
c. to split
Se me rajó la uña al medio.My nail split down the middle.
d. to rip
La costura del pantalón se rajó cuando me senté.The seam on my pants ripped when I sat down.
11.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to refrain)
a. to back out
Cuando fui a tirarme en paracaídas, me rajé al momento de saltar.When I went skydiving, I backed out when I had to jump.
b. to pull out
Tenía planeado ir a navegar, pero me rajé en el último momento.I intended to go sailing, but I pulled out at the last minute.
12.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(education)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
a. to fail
¡Un cuatro en Literatura! Si me rajo otra vez, mis padres me matarán.A four in Literature! If I fail again, my parents will kill me.
b. to flunk
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Cómo te fue en el examen de física? - Me rajé porque no había estudiado mucho.How did you do on the physics exam? - I flunked because I hadn't studied much.
13.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to flee)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
a. to run away
Me rajé cuando el perro me empezó a ladrar.I ran away when the dog started barking at me.
b. to hightail it
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Rajémosnos antes de que llegue la policía.Let's hightail it before the cops get here.
c. to scarper
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Este es un barrio peligroso. Rajémonos o nos van a robar.This is a dangerous area. Let's scarper or we're going to get mugged.
14.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be charitable)
Regionalism used in Bolivia
(Bolivia)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
a. to be generous
Mis suegros se rajaron y nos pagaron la luna de miel.My in-laws were generous and paid for our honeymoon.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to boast)
Regionalism used in Costa Rica
(Costa Rica)
a. to show off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Deja de rajar con tu nuevo lap, Javier.Stop showing off with your new laptop, Javier.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
rajar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (partir)
a. to crack
2. (melón)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to slice
3. (colloquial)
a. to slash, to cut up
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (colloquial)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to natter on, to witter on
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (partirse)
a. to crack
6. (colloquial)
a. to back o pull out
7. (colloquial)
a. to scarper (United Kingdom)
b. to hightail it
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
8. (colloquial)
a. to fail
b. to flunk
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
rajar
transitive verb
1 [+papel, tejido] to tear; rip; [+neumático, rueda] to slash; [+vidrio, cerámica] to crack; [+leña] to chop up
2 (acuchillar) to cut up (familiar)
3 (Latinoamérica) (calumniar) to slander; run down
4 (Latinoamérica) [+examen] to flunk (familiar); fail
5 (And) (Caribe) (aplastar) to crush; defeat; (arruinar) to ruin; (fastidiar) to annoy
6 (S. Cone) [+trabajador] to fire (familiar)
intransitive verb
1 (hablar mucho) to natter (familiar)
rajar de algn (criticar) to slag sb off (familiar)
2 (jactarse) to brag
pronominal verb
rajarse
1 [+papel, tejido] to tear; rip; [+vidrio, cerámica] to crack; [+neumático] to get ripped
se le rajaron las ruedas al chocar
2 (echarse atrás) to back out (familiar)
no te irás a rajar ahora que tenemos las entradas you are not going to back out now we've got the tickets; ¡me rajé! (Latinoamérica) that's enough for me!; I'm quitting!
3 (Latinoamérica) (huir) to run away
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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