penar

penar(
peh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (legal)
a. to punish
En este país, el aborto no está penado por la ley.In this country, abortion is not punished by law.
2. (to visit in the form of a ghost) (Andes)
a. to haunt
Las almas de los pacientes penan el hospital abandonado.The souls of the patients haunt the abandoned hospital.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to be in pain)
a. to suffer
Cuando se quebró la pierna, penaba por el futuro de su hija como bailarina.He suffered over his daughter's future as a ballerina when she broke her leg.
4. (to agonize over)
a. to pine
Mi mamá penaba por mí cuando me enviaron a la guerra.My mother pined for me when I was sent to war.
5. (to appear in the form of a ghost) (Andes)
a. to be in torment
Después de la medianoche, se pueden ver a los fantasmas que penan por el manicomio.After midnight, you can see the ghosts who are in torment around the asylum.
penarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (to experience grief)
a. to grieve
Toda la facultad y los estudiantes se penaron por el profesor que los había conmovido tanto a todos.All of the faculty and students grieved for the professor who had touched them all deeply.
b. to mourn
Mis hermanos y yo nos penamos la pérdida de nuestro padre en el funeral.My siblings and I mourned the loss of our father at the funeral.
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penar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (castigar)
a. to punish
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
2. (sufrir)
a. to suffer
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
penar
transitive verb
1 (Jur) to punish
la juez lo penó con tres años de prisión
la ley pena el asesinato the law punishes murder; un delito penado con diez años de cárcel a crime punishable by ten years' imprisonment
delito penado con prisión perpetua penó la solicitación como una infracción grave del celibat
2 (And) [+difunto] to haunt
dice que el marido muerto la viene a penar en la noche
intransitive verb
1 (sufrir) [+persona] to suffer; [+alma] to be in torment
pena porque su amor no es correspondido
ha penado mucho con su hijo enfermo she has suffered terribly with her sick child; ella pena por todos she takes everybody's sufferings upon herself; penar de amores to go through the pains of love (literario)
2 (desear)
penar por algo to pine for sth; long for sth; penar por hacer algo to pine to do sth; long to do sth
mira que peno por verte
3 (And) [+difunto]
en ese lugar penan that place is haunted
pronominal verb
penarse to grieve; mourn
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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