Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to learn)
a. to acquire knowledge
El escritor es autodidacta y se ilustró solo a base de leer todo lo que caía en sus manos.The writer is self-taught, and he has acquired all his knowledge by reading everything that fell into his hands.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (fine arts)
a. to illustrate
El famoso pintor ilustró las obras de varios escritores mexicanos.The famous painter has illustrated works by several Mexican writers.
3. (to clarify)
a. to illustrate
Todos los conferenciantes utilizaron diapositivas para ilustrar sus explicaciones.All the lecturers used slides to illustrate their explanations.
b. to exemplify
Este caso en concreto ilustra bien la situación por la que atraviesa el país.This case in particular exemplifies well the situation the country is going through.
c. to explain
Ahora quisiera ponerles un ejemplo que ilustra cómo funciona esta idea en la práctica.Now I'd like to give you an example that explains how this idea works in practice.
4. (to teach or inform)
a. to instruct
Las cosas funcionaban así: el maestro estaba allí para ilustrar a sus alumnos, que se limitaban a escuchar y callar.Things went like this: the teacher was there to instruct his pupils, who just listened to him in silence.
b. to enlighten
Yo no acabo de entender qué relación hay entre las dos cosas. ¿Me puedes ilustrar, por favor?I cannot quite understand the relationship between the two things. Please enlighten me.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (explicar)
a. to illustrate, to explain
ilustrar algo con un ejemploto illustrate something with an example
2. (publicación)
a. to illustrate
3. (educar)
a. to enlighten
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+libro] to illustrate
2 [+tema] to explain; illustrate
3 (instruir) to instruct; enlighten
4 (hacer ilustre) to make illustrious; make famous
pronominal verb
1 (instruirse) to acquire knowledge
2 (hacerse ilustre) to become illustrious; become famous
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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