A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to impose a tax on)
a. to tax
El país grava las importaciones de los Estados miembros.The country taxes imports from Member States.
b. to levy a tax on
Gravar las bebidas alcohólicas para recaudar más dinero no tiene muchos apoyos.Levying a tax on alcoholic drinks to increase receipts is not widely supported.
c. to mortgage (real estate)
El gobierno está estudiando a gravar las viviendas vacías.The government is considering mortgaging empty homes.
2. (to overload)
a. to burden
El mantenimiento de un coche grava mucho los gastos mensuales de una familia.The maintenance of a car burdens much of the monthly expenses of a family.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (to worsen)
Regionalism used in Nicaragua
a. to get worse
El estado del paciente se gravó pese a estar en cuidados intensivos.The patient's state got worse despite being in intensive care.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (con impuestos)
a. to tax
2. (agravar)
a. to worsen
transitive verb
1 (con impuesto) to tax; (calcular impuestos) to assess for tax
gravar un producto con un impuesto to place a tax on a product; tax a product; los impuestos que gravan esta vivienda the taxes to which this dwelling is subject
2 (con carga, hipoteca) to burden; encumber;de with; (Jur) [+propiedad] to place a lien upon
el préstamo y el interés que se le grava the loan and the interest charged upon it
pronominal verb
gravarse (Latinoamérica) (empeorar) to get worse; become more serious
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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