evitar

evitar(
eh
-
bee
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to keep clear of)
a. to avoid
Gira aquí a la izquierda si quieres evitar el tráfico.Turn left here if you want to avoid the traffic.
2. (to avert)
a. to prevent
Lávate las manos con frecuencia para evitar resfriarte.Wash your hands frequently to prevent colds.
b. to avoid
El accidente se habría evitado si las luces hubieran estado encendidas.The accident would have been avoided if the lights had been on.
3. (to keep from)
a. to save from
Gracias por traerme estos documentos. Me evita tener que regresar a la oficina a buscarlos.Thanks for bringing these documents. It saves me from having to go back the office to get them.
b. to save
Te quería evitar la molestia de tener que venir hasta acá, pero no alcancé contactarte antes de que salieras.I wanted to save you the trouble of coming all the way out here, but I didn't catch you before you left.
evitarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to keep clear of)
a. to save oneself
Si sales media hora antes, te evitas el problema de la hora pico.If you leave half an hour earlier, you save yourself the problem of rush hour.
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evitar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (impedir)
a. to avoid, to prevent
podría haberse evitado esta catástrofethis disaster could have been avoided o prevented
evitar que alguien haga algoto stop o prevent somebody from doing something
2. (eludir)
a. to avoid
Javier siempre evita encontrarse conmigoJavier always avoids meeting me
no puede evitarlohe can't help it
3. (ahorrar)
a. to save
esto me evita tener que irthis saves me (from) having to go
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (general)
a. to save
te evitarás muchos problemasyou'll save yourself a lot of problems
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
evitar
transitive verb
1 (eludir) to avoid
quiero evitar ese riesgo I want to avoid that risk; intento evitar a Luisa I'm trying to avoid Luisa
para evitar tales dificultades
no pude evitarlo I couldn't help it; evitar hacer algo to avoid doing sth; María evita a toda costa encontrarse con él María avoids bumping into him at all costs
no pude evitar que saliera de casa
2 (ahorrar) to save
esto nos evitará muchos problemas this will save us a lot of problems; me evita (el) tener que ... it saves me having to ...
pronominal verb
evitarse
1 (ahorrarse) to save o.s.
evitarse trabajo to save o.s. trouble; así me evito tener que ir that saves me having to go; that way I avoid having to go
2 [+dos personas] to avoid each other
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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