establecer

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establecer(
ehs
-
tah
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bleh
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sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to stipulate)
a. to establish
Los criterios fueron establecidos años atrás y es necesario revisarlos.The criteria were established years ago and are in need of revision.
b. to set
En gran medida, son las grandes empresas las que establecen los precios.To a great extent, the big companies are the ones that set the prices.
c. to lay down
Si se establecen normas, es para que todo el mundo las siga.Rules are laid down to be followed by everyone.
d. to state (legal)
La ley establece claramente que manifestarse es derecho de todos.The law states clearly that everybody has the right to demonstrate.
2. (to fix)
a. to set
El récord mundial fue establecido el año pasado en Montreal.The world record was set last year in Montreal.
3. (to found)
a. to establish
Han establecido una fundación en apoyo de los jóvenes atletas.They have established a foundation in support of young athletes.
b. to set up
Mi abuelo estableció su primera fábrica en Baracaldo en 1940.My grandfather set up his first plant in Baracaldo in 1940.
c. to settle (a colony)
Los peregrinos establecieron su colonia en Massachusetts.The pilgrims settled their colony in Massachusetts.
4. (to initiate)
a. to establish
No podemos establecer la comunicación con ellos.We can't establish communication with them.
5. (to clarify)
a. to establish
El juez establecerá los hechos basándose en la declaración de los testigos.The judge will establish the facts on the basis of the witnesses' statements.
6. (to demonstrate)
a. to establish
Establecieron una teoría que fue revolucionaria en su momento.They established a theory that was revolutionary at the time.
establecerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
7. (to take up residence)
a. to settle
La familia al final se estableció en Bogotá.The family finally settled in Bogotá.
8. (to open a business)
a. to set up
Se estableció como autónomo y se fue a vivir al campo.He set up as a freelancer and went to live in the countryside.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
establecer
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (fijar, expresar)
a. to establish
no lograba establecer contacto con la torre de controlhe couldn't make o establish contact with the control tower
la policía no ha podido establecer la causa de su muertethe police have been unable to establish o determine the cause of death
las normas del club establecen que…the club rules state that…
2. (instalar)
a. to establish
3. (negocio, campamento)
a. to set up
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (instalarse)
a. to settle
se establecieron en Madridthey settled in Madrid, they set up home in Madrid
5. (poner un negocio)
a. to set up a business
voy a establecerme por mi cuentaI'm going to set up on my own o set up my own business
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
establecer
transitive verb
1 [+relación, comunicación] to establish
los dos países han establecido una buena relación
han logrado establecer contacto con el barco they've managed to make o establish contact with the boat; una reunión para establecer el precio del petróleo a meeting to set o fix oil prices; han establecido controles policiales they have set up police checkpoints
2 (fundar) [+empresa] to establish; [+colonia] to settle
ha establecido su domicilio en Lugo he's taken up residence in Lugo
3 (dictaminar) to state; lay down
la ley establece que ... the law states o lays down that ...
4 (expresar) [+idea, principio] to establish; [+norma] to lay down; [+criterio] to set
para establecer los límites de los poderes del presidente to establish the extent of the President's powers; una comisión para establecer la verdad de los hechos a commission to establish the truth about what happened
5 [+récord] to set
pronominal verb
establecerse
1 (fijar residencia) to settle
la familia se estableció en Madrid the family settled in Madrid
2 (abrir un negocio) to set up (a business); open up (a business)
dos nuevas empresas francesas se han establecido en Sevilla
establecerse por cuenta propia to set up on one's own; open up one's own business
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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