espantar

espantar(
ehs
-
pahn
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make afraid)
a. to frighten
¡Quítate esa máscara! Vas a espantar a los niños. - Es Halloween. Esa es la idea.Take that mask off! You're going to frighten the kids. - It's Halloween. That's the idea.
Los truenos espantaron a los niños.The thunder frightened the kids.
b. to scare
Aquel ruido tan fuerte nos espantó.That loud noise scared us.
2. (to drive away)
a. to frighten away
Estas velas sirven para espantar a los mosquitos.These candles frighten away mosquitoes.
3. (to horrify)
a. to appall
El aumento en el nivel de delincuencia en el barrio está espantando a la comunidad.The community is appalled by the increasing crime levels in the neighborhood.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (to make afraid)
a. to be scary
Espanta pensar lo que podría haber ocurrido en aquel sótano.It's scary to think what might have happened in that basement.
b. to be frightening
La vieja mansión espantaba.The old mansion was frightening.
espantarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (to be afraid)
a. to get frightened
El perro se espantó con los fuegos artificiales.The dog got frightened by the fireworks.
6. (to be driven away)
a. to be frightened away
¡Estas moscas no se espantan fácilmente!These flies are not easily frightened away!
7. (to be horrified)
a. to be appalled
Vas a espantarte cuando veas el estado de la cocina.You'll be appalled when you see the state the kitchen is in.
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espantar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (ahuyentar)
a. to frighten o scare away
espanta a las moscas con el raboit keeps the flies off with its tail
2. (asustar)
a. to frighten, to scare
3. (pasmar)
a. to appall, to shock
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (asustar)
a.
esa casa espanta sólo de verlathat house is frightening just to look at
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (ser ahuyentado)
a. to get frightened o scared
6. (pasmarse)
a. to be appalled o shocked
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
espantar
transitive verb
1 (asustar) (gen) to frighten; scare; (haciendo huir) to frighten off o away; scare off o away
el ruido espantó a las reses the noise frightened o scared the cattle; espantó a los perros con una escoba she frightened the dogs off o away with a broom; con ese genio espanta a todas las chicas with that temper of his he frightens o scares all the girls (off o away)
empezó a cantar para espantar el miedo
2 (horrorizar) to horrify; appal
le espantaba la idea de tener que ir solo he was horrified o appalled at the thought of having to go on his own
pronominal verb
espantarse
1 (asustarse) to get frightened; get scared
2 (horrorizarse) to be horrified; be appalled;de at
se espantó de verla tan cambiada he was horrified o appalled to see her so changed
3 (Caribe) (sospechar) to get suspicious
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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