A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to burnish)
a. to polish
El mayordomo esmeró la bandeja de plata hasta hacerla relucir.The butler polished the silver platter until it shone.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
2. (to make a lot of effort)
a. to take great pains
El chef se esmera mucho en la presentación de sus platos.The chef takes great pains over the presentation of his dishes.
b. to try hard
Por mucho que se esmere, sus notas no mejoran.No matter how hard she tries, her grades won't improve.
c. to go to a lot of trouble
El pintor se esmeró para tener el cuadro acabado en la fecha acordada.The painter went to a lot of trouble to finish his painting by the date agreed upon.
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (esforzarse)
a. to take great pains
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
to polish
pronominal verb
1 (aplicarse) to take great pains;en over
no se esmera nada en su trabajo she doesn't take any care over her work; esmerarse en hacer algo to take great pains to do sth
2 (hacer lo mejor) to do one's best
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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