Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make impure)
a. to pollute (the sea or the atmosphere)
Muchas de esas fábricas han emitido gases que contaminaban la atmósfera.Many of those factories have emitted gases that polluted the atmosphere.
b. to contaminate (food or a sample)
Las aguas residuales habían contaminado los cultivos.The sewage had contaminated the crops.
2. (to pervert)
a. to corrupt
Muchos han acusado a la televisión de contaminar la mente de los jóvenes.Many have accused television of corrupting the minds of the youth.
3. (to influence)
a. to corrupt (a language or a culture)
Tras siglos de convivencia, el castellano está contaminado por el catalán y viceversa.After centuries of coexistence, Spanish is corrupted by Catalan and vice versa.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to become impure)
a. to become polluted (sea or atmosphere)
Tras el atentado contra el oleoducto, el río se contaminó con petróleo crudo.After the attack on the pipeline, the river became polluted with crude oil.
b. to become contaminated (food or sample)
La muestra se contaminó con ADN exógeno.The sample became contaminated by exogenous DNA.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (envenenar)
a. to contaminate
2. (el medio ambiente)
a. to pollute
3. (pervertir)
a. to corrupt
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+aire, mar] to pollute; [+alimentos, agua potable] to contaminate; [+ropa] to soil
2 [+texto] to corrupt; (Literat) to influence; affect
3 (Religión) to profane
pronominal verb
contaminarse [+alimentos, agua potable] to be contaminated; become contaminated;con with;de by; [+agua, aire] to become polluted
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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