Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to express in code)
a. to encode
A ver si descifras los significados secretos que el autor cifró dentro del texto.See if you can decipher the secret meanings the author has encoded within the text
b. to write in code
Antes, solía cifrar los mensajes para que nadie los entendiera.Before, I used to write messages in code so that no one could understand them.
c. to code
Los científicos pueden recuperar la información cifrada en nuestro ADN.Scientists can retrieve information coded in our DNA.
2. (to concentrate; used with "en")
a. to pin
Muchos alumnos cifraron todas sus esperanzas en obtener buenas notas en este examen pero reprobaron.Many students pinned all their hopes on getting a good result on this exam and they failed.
b. to place
Ciframos nuestras esperanzas en este nuevo producto porque creemos que se venderá bien.We're pinning our hopes on this new product because we think it will sell well.
3. (to value)
a. to estimate
Los expertos cifran las pérdidas sufridas tras el apagón en cientos de miles de dólares.Experts estimate losses as a result of the outage at hundreds of thousands of dollars.
b. to calculate
Es difícil cifrar las ganancias obtenidas tras el cambio de director de la empresa.It's difficult to calculate the benefits resulting from the company's change of CEO.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to have a value; used with "en")
a. to amount
Inicialmente las pérdidas de la bolsa se cifraban en un cinco por ciento.Stock market losses initially amounted to five percent.
b. to stand
Las ventas del álbum del artista se cifran en dos millones de ejemplares.Sales of the artist's album stand at two million.
5. (to be concentrated; used with "en")
a. to be pinned (hopes)
Todas las esperanzas de Julio para el futuro se cifran en que consiga este trabajo.All Julio's hopes for the future are pinned on him getting this job.
b. to come down
El fracaso del programa se cifra en su formato monótono.The failure of the program comes down to its monotonous format.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (codificar; mensaje, texto)
a. to code
2. (valorar; pérdidas)
a. to estimate
3. (reducir; aspiraciones, esperanzas)
a. to pin, to place
cifran todas sus esperanzas en el nuevo jugadorthey're pinning all their hopes on the new player
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (general)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
cifrar ento come to, to amount to
cifrar ento be pinned on
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+mensaje] to code; write in code; (Lingüística) to encode
2 [+esperanzas, ilusiones] to pin; place;en on
3 [+ganancias, pérdidas] to calculate
cifran las pérdidas por el terremoto en miles de millones losses caused by the earthquake have been calculated at billions
las ganancias en la bolsa han sido cifradas muy altas una duración cifrada en miles de años
4 [+discurso, explicación] (compendiar) to summarize; (abreviar) to abbreviate
pronominal verb
todas las esperanzas se cifran en él all hopes are centred on him
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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