A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to uphold)
a. to support
Me gustaría apoyar esta medida, pero tengo unas dudas que quiero resolver.I would like to support this policy, but I have a few questions I want answered.
b. to back
¿No sabías que una potencia extranjera apoya a ese candidato?You didn't know that a foreign power backs that candidate?
2. (to lay)
a. to rest
No apoyes la espalda contra ese árbol porque está lleno de hormigas.Don't rest your back against that tree because it's full of ants.
b. to lean
Puedes apoyar el espejo contra la pared mientras busco un clavo.You can lean the mirror against the wall while I look for a nail.
c. to put
Es mala educación apoyar los codos sobre la mesa.Putting your elbows on the table is bad manners.
3. (to ground)
a. to base
Explícame otra vez en qué datos apoyas tu teoría de la energía.Explain to me again what data you base your theory of energy on.
4. (to confirm)
a. to support
Realmente creo que los resultados de tus experimentos no apoyan tu hipótesis.I really don't think the results of your experiments support your hypothesis.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
(to touch sexually) (River Plate)
a. to feel up
Un tipo en el subte trató de apoyarme hasta que le pegué un codazo.A guy on the subway tried to feel me up until I elbowed him.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (to rest on or against)
a. to lean
No te apoyes en la pared; la vas a ensuciar.Don't lean on the wall; you're going to get it dirty.
7. (to seek support; used with "en")
a. to rely on
Te apoyas demasiado en Eddy; me gustaría que intentaras ser más independiente.You rely too much on Eddy; I'd like you to try to be more independent.
b. to depend on
Te puedes apoyar en mí, papá. ¡No te decepcionaré!You can depend on me, dad. I won't let you down!
8. (to be grounded in; used with "en")
a. to be based on
Esta conclusión se apoya en las siguientes cifras.This conclusion is based on the following figures.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (inclinar)
a. to lean, to rest
apoya la cabeza en mi hombrorest your head on my shoulder
apoyó la bicicleta contra la paredshe leant the bicycle against the wall
2. (respaldar)
a. to support
lo apoyó mucho durante su depresiónshe gave him a lot of support when he was depressed
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (sostenerse)
apoyarse ento lean on
la anciana se apoyaba en un bastónthe old woman was leaning on a walking stick
4. (basarse)
apoyarse ento be based on
5. (buscar respaldo)
apoyarse ento rely on
6. (respaldarse mutuamente)
a. to support one another
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (reclinar) to rest; lean
apoya la cabeza en mi hombro rest o lean your head on my shoulder; no apoyes los codos en la mesa don't put o lean your elbows on the table; apoya la bicicleta contra la pared lean the bicycle against the wall
2 (ayudar) to support
sólo me apoyan económicamente
no me apoyan en nada de lo que hago they don't support me in anything I do; no apoyaremos más al gobierno we will no longer support the government; los nuevos datos apoyan mi teoría the new information supports my theory
3 (basar) to base
apoya su argumento en los siguientes hechos he bases his argument on the following facts
4 (secundar) [+propuesta, idea] to support
5 (Archit) (Técnica) to support
pronominal verb
1 (reclinarse) to lean
apóyate aquí lean on this; apoyarse en algo/algn to lean on sth/sb; apóyate en mi hombro para pasar el arroyo lean on my shoulder while we cross the stream; apoyarse contra algo to lean against sth; me apoyé contra la pared I leaned against the wall; la cúpula se apoya en tres pilares the dome is supported by three pillars
2 (basarse)
apoyarse en algo to be based on sth; ¿en qué se apoya usted para decir eso? on what do you base that statement?
3 (confiar)
apoyarse en algn to rely on sb; se apoyó en sus amigos para pasar la crisis she relied on her friends to get through the crisis
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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