aligerarse

A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to lighten a load)
a. to travel lighter
Los viajeros de deshicieron de ropa para aligerarse.The travelers left behind some clothes in order to travel lighter.
2. (to remove; usado con "de")
a. to get rid of
Antes de comer, quiero aligerarme de mi saco y mis zapatos.Before we eat, I'd like to get rid of my coat and shoes.
aligerar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
3. (to reduce the weight of)
a. to lighten
La camioneta está atascada en el lodo. Tenemos que aligerar la carga para que pueda salir.The pickup truck is stuck in mud. We need to lighten the load so it can come out.
b. to make lighter
El piloto quitó todos los asientos de pasajeros para aligerar el avión.The pilot made the plane lighter by removing all the passenger seats.
4. (to alleviate)
a. to lighten
Cuenta un chiste para aligerar la atmósfera.Tell a joke to lighten the mood.
b. to relieve
Mi prima me aligeró de la carga de tener que cuidar a mi madre enferma solo.My cousin relieved me of the burden of taking care of my sick mother alone.
c. to ease
Sebastián me dio un masaje que me aligeró el dolor de espalda.Sebastian gave me a massage that eased my back pain.
5. (to reduce)
a. to lighten
El abogado verá si es posible aligerar la sentencia del acusado.The lawyer will see if it's possible to lighten the defendant's sentence.
6. (to hasten)
a. to quicken
¡Aligera el paso o perderemos el tren!Quicken your pace or we'll miss the train!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
7. (to hasten)
a. to hurry
El ladrón aligeró y salió de la tienda antes de que alguien lo notara.The thief hurried and left the store before anybody noticed.
b. to hurry up
¡Aligera! La película comienza en cinco minutos.Hurry up! The move will start in five minutes.
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aligerar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (peso)
a. to lighten
2. (fig)
a. to relieve, to ease
3. (ritmo)
a. to speed up
aligerar el pasoto quicken one's pace
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (darse prisa)
a. to hurry up
aligera, que llegamos tardehurry up, or we'll be late
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
aligerar
transitive verb
(hacer ligero) to lighten; [+dolor] to ease; relieve; alleviate; (abreviar) to shorten; (acelerar) to quicken
voy a dar un paseo para aligerar las piernas I'm going for a walk to stretch my legs
intransitive verb
(darse prisa) to hurry; hurry up
pronominal verb
aligerarse [+carga] to get lighter
aligerarse de ropa to put on lighter clothing
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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