Explanation

Quick Answer

In Spanish, there are four main ways to talk about a future action. In addition to the four ways listed below, the future subjunctive and future perfect subjunctive are also used, but their use is rare in modern Spanish. However, they are useful tenses to be able to recognize.

This guide serves as an overview of the Spanish future tenses. For more information on each future tense, click on the links provided.

Simple Future

The Spanish simple future (el futuro simple) is used to talk about what will or shall happen, often without indicating a specific point in time.

Spanish Simple Future Forms

Let’s review how to conjugate the simple future tense. The same endings are used for all verbs, regardless of whether the verb ends in -ar, -er, or -ir.

SubjectEnding
yo
-ás
usted, él, ella
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ustedes, ellos, ellas-án

When using the simple future tense, we mustn't forget about the irregulars! These verbs use the same endings as the regular verbs, but they have different stems. Check out the table below.

VerbIrregular Future StemExampleEnglish Translation
decir
dir-
diré
I’ll say
hacer
har-
haré
I’ll do/make
haber
habr-
habré
I’ll have
querer
querr-
querré
I’ll want
saber
sabr-
sabré
I’ll know
poder
podr-
podré
I’ll be able to
poner
pondr-
pondré
I’ll put
salir
saldr-
saldré
I’ll go out
tener
tendr-
tendré
I’ll have
venir
vendr-
vendré
I’ll come
caber
cabr-
cabré
I’ll fit
valer
valdr-
valdré
I’ll be worth
Irregular Future Stem
decirdir-
hacerhar-
haberhabr-
quererquerr-
sabersabr-
poderpodr-
ponerpondr-
salirsaldr-
tenertendr-
venirvendr-
cabercabr-
valervaldr-
Example
decirdiré
hacerharé
haberhabré
quererquerré
sabersabré
poderpodré
ponerpondré
salirsaldré
tenertendré
venirvendré
cabercabré
valervaldré
English Translation
decirI’ll say
hacerI’ll do/make
haberI’ll have
quererI’ll want
saberI’ll know
poderI’ll be able to
ponerI’ll put
salirI’ll go out
tenerI’ll have
venirI’ll come
caberI’ll fit
valerI’ll be worth

Check out the following examples of the simple future tense.

examples
Ya veremos lo que pasa mañana.
We shall see what happens tomorrow.
Un día tendrán hijos.
They will have kids one day.

Informal Future

The informal future uses a combination of a conjugated form of irin the present indicative, the preposition a, and an infinitive. It is used to express events in the immediate future and for set plans.

Informal Future Formula

ir + a + infinitive

Check out the following examples.

examples
Voy a preparar la cena.
I’m going to make dinner.
Van a ver una película esta noche.
They’re going to watch a movie tonight.

Future Perfect

The Spanish future perfect indicative (el futuro compuesto) is used to talk about something that will have been completed at a certain point in the future. It is formed by using a combination of the simple future of the verb haberwith a past participle.

Future Perfect Formula

simple future of haber + past participle

Check out the following examples.

examples
Para cuando hayas regresado a casa, habré redecorado la sala.
By the time you come back home, I will have redecorated the living room.
Habrá bajado de tres a cinco kilos para mayo.
She will have lost three to five kilos by May.

Future Progressive

The Spanish future progressive tense is used to talk about something that will be happening at some point in the future. The future progressive is formed using the verb estarin the simple future in combination with a present participle.

Future Progressive Formula

simple future of estar + present participle

Take a look at the following examples.

examples
Dentro de una semana estarás viajando por Europa conmigo.
In a week you will be traveling around Europe with me.
Estaré durmiendo cuando llegues.
I will be sleeping when you arrive.
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