Simple Future Regular Forms and Tenses

There are two ways to form the future tense in Spanish: the informal future (ir + a + infinitive) and the simple future (el futuro simple). The loose translation of the simple future would be that someone "will" or "shall" do something. It is also used to express the possibility of what someone "might" or "may" be doing in the present. The simple future, unlike the informal future, is only one word created by adding endings to the infinitive of a verb.

Jugarás para el equipo nacional.
You will play for the national team.
Él hablará con su novia esta noche.
He will talk to his girlfriend tonight.
Llorarán al final de esa película.
You will cry at the end of that movie.

Regular Simple Future Forms

To form the simple future tense, simply add the correct ending to the infinitive of the verb. All verb conjugations (-ar, -er, and -ir) have the same endings for the simple future tense:

usted, él, ella
ustedes, ellos, ellas-án

The simple future was originally formed by adding haber to an infinitive. (viajar he - travel I must, viajar has - travel you must, viajar ha - travel he must, etc.). Notice that the simple future endings are the same as the present indicative conjugations without the orthographic accents.

Uses of the Simple Future

While the simplest way to describe the future is to talk about what a person “will” do, there are a few subtleties that also include making assumptions about the present, making predictions about the future, and giving solemn commands. There are also several instances where you will not use the simple future in Spanish even though you may use “will” in English.

1. Making assumptions about the present (probably)

Because the future is unknown, it is understandable that we would use the simple future tense to talk about suppositions or predictions about the present time as well. You can use the simple future to offer a guess about something. This is the most common usage of the simple future in Spanish.

Anita estará en la playa ahora.
Anita is probably at the beach right now.
Los niños tendrán hambre.
The children might be hungry.
Pasaré mis vacaciones en Costa Rica este verano.
I will probably spend my vacation in Costa Rica this summer.
¿Dónde estarán mis llaves?
Where could my keys be?

2. Making predictions about the future (will)

The simple future is used to convey what will happen, things that are planned, but because it is in the future, the outcome is unknown. The final result will need to be verified.

Me casaré con un hombre guapo.
I will marry a handsome man.
Encontrará un trabajo bueno.
He will find a good job.
¿Regresarás dentro de diez minutos?
Will you come back in ten minutes?

Note that you do not use the simple future for actions that are certain in the future. For these, you will use the present tense. Check out the examples below:

Te veo mañana en la escuela.
I’ll see you tomorrow at school.
Me caso el 6 de mayo.
I am getting married on May 6.
Mis padres me visitan mañana.
My parents are going to visit me tomorrow.

3. Giving solemn commands (shall)

Similar to the original formation of the future (viajar he - travel I must), giving solemn commands is another way to use the simple future, although not a very common one.

No robarás.
You shall not steal.
Te sentarás aquí hasta que regrese.
You shall sit right here until I return.
Obedecerás a tus abuelos.
You shall obey your grandparents.

Check out this article on irregular simple future forms!

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