Quick answer
"Crush" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aplastar", and "chop" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "cortar". Learn more about the difference between "crush" and "chop" below.
crush(
kruhsh
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to smash)
a. aplastar
He crushed the plastic bottle with his bare hands.Aplastó la botella de plástico con sus manos.
b. machacar (food)
I prefer to crush the garlic before adding it to the pan.Yo prefiero machacar el ajo antes de echarlo al sartén.
c. prensar (grapes)
We usually crush the grapes in wooden barrels.Solemos prensar las uvas en barriles de madera.
d. picar (ice)
Crush some ice for these cocktails!¡Pica algo de hielo para estos cócteles!
e. estrujar (paper)
Crush the papers inside the trashcan to free up some space.Estruja los papeles en la papelera para ganar algo de espacio.
2. (to grind)
a. triturar
The baker crushed the nuts to make his special bread.El panadero trituró los frutos secos para hacer su pan especial.
b. moler
The steamroller crushed all the stones used for making pavement.La apisonadora molió todas las piedras usadas para el pavimento.
3. (to squeeze)
a. estrujar
According to the recipe, you have to crush five lemons.Según la receta, hay que estrujar cinco limones.
b. exprimir
Crush four oranges and two grapefruits for the juice.Exprime cuatro naranjas y dos pomelos para el jugo.
4. (to subdue)
a. aplastar
The Spartan army crushed the enemy very quickly.El ejército espartano aplastó al enemigo rápidamente.
b. destrozar
The visiting team crushed the home team with a score of 5 to 0.El equipo visitante destrozó a los locales con un resultado de 5 to 0.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(infatuation)
a. el enamoramiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was my high school crush through all of freshmen year.Ella era mi enamoramiento de la secundaria durante todo el primer año.
6. (crowd)
a. la aglomeración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An enormous crush came out to watch our band play.Una aglomeración enorme atendió para ver nuestra banda tocar.
b. la multitud
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a big crush of people in the town square demonstrating.Había una gran multitud de gente en la plaza del pueblo manifestándose.
7. (drink) (United Kingdom)
a. la limonada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(with lemons)
Some kids sell lemon crush in the summer to get money.Algunos niños venden limonada en verano para conseguir dinero.
b. la naranjada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(with oranges)
I think orange crush is more refreshing than water.Yo pienso que una naranjada es más refrescante que el agua.
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chop(
chap
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cut)
a. cortar
We need to chop celery for the stuffing.Hay que cortar el apio para el relleno.
When we went camping, we chopped wood for the fire.Cuando fuimos de campamento, cortamos madera para la fogata.
b. picar
Can you help me chop the green beans?¿Puedes ayudarme a picar los ejotes?
c. trocear
I wear goggles when chopping onions to keep my eyes from tearing up.Me pongo gafas al trocear cebollas para evitar que me lloren los ojos.
d. talar (tree)
I had to chop the tree down in my backyard because the roots were threatening the sewer.Tuve que talar el árbol en mi patio trasero porque las raíces estaban amenazando la alcantarilla.
2. (to eliminate)
a. cortar
The company is almost bankrupt, so they will have to chop hundreds of jobs.La empresa está casi en la quiebra, así que van a tener que cortar cientos de empleos.
3. (sports)
a. cortar
The way he holds the bat makes him chop the ball every time.La manera en que sostiene el bate hace que corte la pelota en cada ocasión.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to cut)
a. cortar
You must chop with strength and precision.Debes cortar con fuerza y precisión.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (blow)
a. el tajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He cut the wood with a single chop.Cortó la madera de un solo tajo.
b. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The superhero picked up his sword, and with one chop he brought the villain down.El superhéroe levantó su espada y de un golpe tumbó al villano.
c. el hachazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(ax)
The ranger gave a hefty chop.El guardabosques dio un fuerte hachazo.
d. el manotazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(hand)
With a single chop, his hand sliced through the board as if it were butter.De un manotazo su mano atravesó la tabla como si fuera mantequilla.
6. (culinary)
a. la chuleta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They prepared some delicious lamb chops.Prepararon unas deliciosas chuletas de cordero.
b. la costilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had spicy pork chops and a beer.Comimos costillas picosas de cerdo y una cerveza.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(elimination)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm sure he'll get the chop with that project.Estoy seguro de que va a recibir un rechazo con ese proyecto.
The mid-level managers all got the chop.Todos los gerentes de niveles medios fueron despedidos.
chops
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(anatomy)
a. el morro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wolf advanced toward him, licking its slobbering chops.El lobo se le acercó relamiéndose el morro baboso.
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