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Quick answer
"Burst" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "reventar", and "blow" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "soplar". Learn more about the difference between "burst" and "blow" below.
burst(
buhrst
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rupture)
a. reventar
The balloon burst when it was over the ocean.El globo reventó cuando estaba sobre el océano.
b. reventarse
She ran over the nail and the tire burst.Pasó por encima del clavo y el neumático se reventó.
c. romperse
You'll want to be far away from the river when the dam bursts.Es conveniente estar lejos del río cuando se rompa el dique.
2. (to explode)
a. explotar
The fireworks burst in brilliant colors over the lake.Los fuegos artificiales explotaron en colores brillantes sobre el lago.
b. estallar
Luckily, the theater was empty when the bomb burst.Por suerte, el teatro estaba vacío cuando estalló la bomba.
3. (to start abruptly)
a. desatarse
They knew that a squall was going to burst at any moment.Sabían que un chubasco iba a desatarse en cualquier momento.
b. desencadenarse
Look at those black clouds. Let's get inside before a storm bursts.Mira esas nubes negras. Vamos dentro antes de que se desencadene una tormenta.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to break)
a. reventar
That bully came over and burst my ballon with his pencil.Ese matón vino y reventó mi globo con su lápiz.
b. romper
The flood burst the dam above the city.La inundación rompió el dique que está por encima de la ciudad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (broken)
a. pinchado
You can always come see me at my shop if you get a burst tire.Siempre puedes acudir a mi taller si tienes un neumático pinchado.
b. reventado
Felipe had to call his landlord at 4 am about a burst pipe.Felipe tuvo que llamar al casero a las 4 am por una tubería reventada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (sudden sound)
a. la salva
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of applause)
Her performance inspired a burst of applause.Su actuación inspiró una salva de aplausos.
b. el arranque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of activity)
Suddenly, a burst of activity was heard on the street below.De repente, se oyó un arranque de actividad en la calle abajo.
c. la ráfaga
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of bullets)
The soldiers dodged the burst of bullets from the machine gun.Los soldados esquivaron la ráfaga de balas de la ametralladora.
7. (detonation)
a. el estallido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The operators heard a burst come from the machine.Los operarios oyeron un estallido procedente de la máquina.
b. la explosión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burst of steam blew the top of the tank off.Una explosión de vapor hizo saltar la cubierta del tanque.
8. (rupture)
a. el reventón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If the cellar gets too cold, the pipes could freeze, and we risk a burst.Si el sótano se enfría demasiado, los tubos se podrían congelar y nos arriesgamos a un reventón.
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blow(
blo
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to propel)
a. soplar
I opened the door and the wind blew the leaves inside the house.Abrí la puerta y el viento sopló las hojas al interior de la casa.
The wind has been blowing through the trees all morning.El viento lleva toda la mañana soplando entre los árboles.
b. echar
Please, stop blowing smoke in my face.Por favor, deja de echarme humo en la cara.
c. llevarse
The gust of wind blew all the papers from the table.La ráfaga de viento se llevó todos los papeles de la mesa.
d. tirar
Peter raised his hand and blew Sandy a kiss.Peter levantó la mano y le tiró un beso a Sandy.
2. (to sound)
a. sonar
Tim blows a bugle to wake everyone up in the camp.Tim suena una trompeta para despertar a todo el mundo en el campamento.
b. tocar
The referee blew the whistle.El árbitro tocó el pito.
3. (to make by blowing)
a. soplar
We saw artisans blowing glass when we visited Tonala.Vimos a los artesanos soplar vidrio cuando visitamos Tonalá.
b. hacer
The children are blowing bubbles in the backyard.Los niños están haciendo pompas en el patio trasero.
4. (to clear one's nose)
a. sonarse
Will you excuse me for a moment? I need to blow my nose.¿Me permites un momento? Debo sonarme la nariz.
5. (electronics)
a. fundir
With that many Christmas lights, you're liable to blow a fuse.Con esa cantidad de luces Navideñas, podrías fundir un fusible.
b. quemar
She blew a circuit when she turned on the iron.Quemó un circuito al prender la plancha.
c. hacer saltar
He blew a 30 amp fuse by operating a 50 amp oven on the same circuit.Hizo saltar un fusible de 30 amperes al echar a andar un horno de 50 amperes en el mismo circuito.
6. (to destroy)
a. volar
He dropped a lit match in the gas tank and blew the car to bits.Dejó caer un fósforo encendido en el tanque de gas y voló el coche en pedazos.
b. echar por tierra
With that crazy statement, he just blew the theory that he was the sane one in the group.Con esa declaración loca, acaba de echar por tierra la teoría de que él era el único cuerdo del grupo.
c. reventar
The sun heated the chamber and the resulting pressure blew the gasket.El sol calentó la cámara y la presión resultante reventó la junta.
7. (to ruin)
a. echar a perder
He blew his chance to be president when he answered the question like that.Echó a perder la oportunidad de ser presidente cuando contestó la pregunta de esa manera.
b. pifiarla
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
They're not going to hire you. You blew it in the interview.No te van a contratar. La pifiaste en la entrevista.
c. cagarla
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
You blew it for the team with that horrible play.La cagaste para el equipo con esa jugada horrible.
d. regarla
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
You blew it, dude! She's a vegetarian and you took her to eat fish tacos.¡La regaste, güey! Es vegetariana y la llevaste a comer tacos de pescado.
8. (to squander)
a. despilfarrar
He blew a month's salary in one day in Beverly Hills.Despilfarró el salario de un mes en un día en Beverly Hills.
b. fundirse
She blew her money on clothes and then had to borrow for food.Se fundió el dinero en la ropa y luego tuvo que pedir prestado para la comida.
9.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(to leave)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. largarse de
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
It's boring here. Let's blow this town.Es aburrido aquí. Largúemonos de este pueblo.
10.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to perform fellatio on)
a. mamársela
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Ew! You're gross. No, I'm not going to blow you!¡Eu! Eres asqueroso. ¡No, no te la voy a mamar!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to move the air)
a. soplar
The wind was blowing from the sea.El viento soplaba desde el mar.
12. (to be moved by air)
a. volar
Cover your face with a scarf because the sand is blowing pretty hard outside.Tápate la cara con un pañuelo porque la arena está volando bastante fuerte afuera.
b. derribar
The storm blew down several trees.La tormenta tumbó varios árboles.
13. (to make a sound)
a. sonar
The referee blew for a penalty.El arbitró sonó para indicar un penalti.
14. (electronics)
a. fundirse
The fuse blew and left them in the dark.El fusible se fundió y los dejó en la oscuridad.
b. quemarse
It must have been a bad fuse. It blew as soon as I connected it.Debió haber sido un mal fusible. Se quemó en cuanto se conectó.
c. saltar
The lightning caused several appliances to blow.El relámpago hizo saltar varios aparatos domésticos.
15. (to burst)
a. reventarse
I hit a sharp rock and the tire blew.Pegué una piedra afilada y la llanta se reventó.
b. estallar
The demolition team set dynamite to blow in strategic locations.El equipo de la demolición colocó dinamita para estallar en lugares estratégicos.
16.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(to leave)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. largarse
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I'm done here. I'm going to blow. See you later.Ya acabé aquí. Me voy a largar. Hasta luego.
17.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to become angry)
a. explotar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Sam blew when he saw that his son had crashed the car into the garage.Sam explotó cuando vio que su hijo había chocado el coche contra la cochera.
18.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(to be terrible)
a. ser una mierda
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
This party blows. Let's bounce.Esta fiesta es una mierda. Vayámonos.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
19. (hit)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He knocked the thief out with a single blow.Noqueó al ladrón de un solo golpe.
b. el puñetazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He felt like he was winning the fight until his opponent landed a strong blow on his chin.Sentía que estaba ganando la pelea hasta que su contrincante le dio un fuerte puñetazo en el mentón.
c. las manos
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The candidates almost came to blows during the debate.Los candidatos por poco llegaron a las manos durante el debate.
d. el martillazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My old cell phone could take a blow with a hammer.Mi celular viejo podría aguantar un martillazo.
20. (expulsion of breath)
a. el soplo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Make a wish and give the candles a blow.Pide un deseo y dales un soplo a las velas.
21. (setback)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
His death came as a great blow to us all.Su muerte fue un duro golpe para todos.
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