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Quick answer
"Bear" is a noun which is often translated as "el oso", and "take" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "tomar". Learn more about the difference between "bear" and "take" below.
bear(
behr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (animal)
a. el oso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la osa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Polar bears live mainly in the Arctic Circle.Los osos polares viven principalmente en el círculo polar ártico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to support weight)
a. soportar
The shelves have to bear the weight of the books.Los estantes tienen que soportar el peso de los libros.
b. aguantar
The elevator cannot bear a weight over 1500 pounds.El ascensor no puede aguantar un peso sobre 1500 libras.
c. resistir
My brother had to bear carrying the sofa all the way to the truck.Mi hermano tuvo que resistir llevar el sofá hasta la camioneta.
3. (to endure)
a. aguantar
I cannot bear his teasing anymore.Ya no aguanto sus bromas.
b. resistir
We all have to bear the loss of grandpa.Todos tenemos que resistir el fallecimiento de abuelo.
c. soportar
She could not bear seeing him suffering like that.Ella no pudo soportar viéndolo sufrir así.
4. (to be responsible for)
a. cargar con
He had to bear most of the responsibility for the company bankruptcy.Tuvo que cargar con casi toda la responsabilidad por la quiebra de la empresa.
5. (to carry)
a. llevar
They bore a huge banner at the parade.Llevaban una pancarta enorme en el desfile.
6. (to show)
a. tener
Their account bears little resemblance to reality.Su versión tiene poco que ver con la realidad.
7. (to produce)
a. dar
The lemon tree bore lemons for many months.El limonero dio limones durante muchos meses.
8. (to give birth)
a. dar a luz
She bore him two beautiful children.Le dio dos hijos preciosos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
9. (to steer)
a. girar
You have to bear left at the traffic circle.Tiene que girar a la izquierda en la rotonda.
b. cargarse
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
You have to bear right as soon as you leave the highway.Tienen que cargarse a la derecha en cuanto salgan de la autopista.
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take(
teyk
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to lay hold of)
a. tomar
He took the book from the nightstand and started reading it.Tomó el libro de la mesilla y empezó a leerlo.
b. agarrar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
She took her son by the hand and walked with him into the house.Agarró a su hijo de la mano y entró con él en la casa.
c. coger
She took the tray and put it aside.Cogió la bandeja y la puso a un lado.
2. (to occupy)
a. tomar
Please take a seat.Tome asiento, por favor.
3. (to move from one place to another)
a. llevar
Can you take the medicine to him?¿Puedes llevarle la medicina?
4. (to bring with you)
a. llevarse
Take an umbrella in case it rains.Llévate un paraguas por si acaso llueve.
5. (to accompany)
a. llevar
Shall we take you to the station?¿Te llevamos a la estación?
6. (to lead)
a. llevar
This road takes you to the airport.Esta carretera lleva al aeropuerto.
7. (to go along)
a. tomar
Once there, take the second detour on the left.Una vez allí, toma el segundo desvío a la izquierda.
b. agarrar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We have to take the expressway to Arlington.Tenemos que agarrar la autopista que va a Arlington.
c. coger
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I took a shortcut and got there in five minutes.Cogí un atajo y llegué en cinco minutos.
8. (to travel by)
a. tomar
Let's take a taxi. It's getting very late.Tomemos un taxi. Se está haciendo muy tarde.
b. coger
Where can I take bus number 15?¿Dónde puedo coger el autobús número 15?
9. (to steal)
a. llevarse
I left the laptop in my car and they took it.Dejé el portátil en el coche y se lo llevaron.
10. (to catch or come upon)
a. pillar
It took me by surprise, but I'm getting used to the idea.Me pilló por sorpresa, pero me voy haciendo a la idea.
11. (to buy)
a. llevarse
I'll take the green skirt, please.Me llevo la falda verde, por favor.
b. comprar (on a regular basis)
We take two newspapers at home.En casa compramos dos periódicos.
12. (to rent)
a. alquilar
We are taking an apartment in Venice for two months.Vamos a alquilar un apartamento en Venecia por dos meses.
13. (to gather)
a. tomar
We need to take a sample of your blood.Necesitamos tomarle una muestra de sangre.
14. (to capture)
a. tomar (a city or a prisoner)
They took the city after a two-week battle.Tomaron la ciudad tras dos semanas de lucha.
b. comerse (chess and draughts)
She took his pawn with her queen.Se comió su peón con la reina.
15. (to obtain)
a. llevarse (prize)
They took first prize in this year's competition.En la competencia de este año se llevaron el primer premio.
16. (to ingest)
a. tomar (medicine or food)
You have to take one tablet every four hours.Tiene que tomar una pastilla cada cuatro horas.
b. comer (food)
I'll take the spaghetti and the salad.Yo voy a comer los espaguetis y la ensalada.
c. poner (sugar or milk)
I don't take milk with my tea.Yo no le pongo leche al té.
17. (to have room for)
a. tener capacidad para
The stadium can take up to 75,000 people.El estadio tiene capacidad para 75,000 personas.
18. (to accept)
a. aceptar (cash or bribe)
This restaurant only takes cash.En este restaurante solo aceptan efectivo.
b. seguir (advice)
Take my advice and apply for the job.Sigue mi consejo y solicita al trabajo.
c. admitir (patients)
At the moment, the hospital cannot take any more patients.De momento, el hospital no puede admitir más pacientes.
19. (to support)
a. soportar
Our chairs are designed to take weights of up to 130 kg.Nuestras sillas están diseñadas para soportar pesos de hasta 130 kg.
20. (to suffer)
a. recibir
She has taken a lot of blows in her life.Ha recibido muchos golpes de la vida.
21. (to tolerate)
a. aguantar
Ever feel like you can't take it anymore?¿Alguna vez has sentido que ya no aguantabas más?
22. (to interpret)
a. tomarse
You take things too lightly.Te tomas las cosas demasiado a la ligera.
b. ver
I take it that you didn't like the movie very much.Por lo que veo, no te gustó mucho la película.
23. (to understand)
a. entender
There are books and then there are books, if you take my meaning.Hay libros y hay libros, si me entiendes.
24. (to consider)
a. tomar
Take China, for example. It has fewer natural resources but it is developing optimally.Tomemos por ejemplo a China. Tiene menos recursos naturales pero su desarrollo es óptimo.
b. mirar
Take Mark. He has already forgotten about the whole thing.Mira a Mark. A él ya se le ha olvidado completamente el asunto.
25. (to mistake)
a. tomar
But who do you take me for?¿Pero tú por quién me tomas?
26. (to carry out)
a. dar (a step or a walk)
We took a walk to the lighthouse.Dimos un paseo hasta el faro.
b. tomar (measures or decision)
If the ceasefire is not respected, we'll feel obliged to take appropriate measures.Si no se respeta el alto al fuego, nos veremos obligados a tomar las medidas oportunas.
27. (to teach) (United Kingdom)
a. dar clase a
He took us for maths in secondary school.Nos daba clase de matemáticas en bachillerato.
28. (to study)
a. hacer (course)
I want to take a photography course.Quiero hacer un curso de fotografía.
b. tomar (class)
Can you play the guitar? - I'm taking classes.¿Sabes tocar la guitarra? - Estoy tomando clases.
29. (to sit an exam)
a. presentarse a
State the reasons why you want to take the exam.Indique las razones por las que desea presentarse al examen.
30. (to require)
a. hacer falta
It took me several tries before I managed it.Me hicieron falta varios intentos antes de conseguirlo.
b. bastar
It only takes a click to unsubscribe.Basta un clic para darse de baja.
31. (to use)
a. usar (size)
What size do you take in pants?¿Qué talla de pantalones usas?
b. aprovechar (opportunity)
I'll take this opportunity to thank you for all your support.Aprovecho la oportunidad para agradecerles todo su apoyo.
32. (to occupy time)
a. tardar
How long does it take to cook it?¿Cuánto tarda en cocinarse?
b. llevar
It'll take me over one hour to repair the boiler.Me llevará más de una hora reparar la caldera.
33. (to photograph)
a. tomar
I took several photos of the cathedral.Tomé varias fotos de la catedral.
b. sacar
Can you take a photo of me with the mountain behind?¿Puedes sacarme una foto con la montaña detrás?
34. (to write down)
a. anotar (information)
Did you take the address down?¿Anotaste la dirección?
b. tomar (notes)
Do you take notes when you read?¿Tú tomas notas cuando lees?
35. (to measure)
a. tomar
I took his temperature and it was very high.Le tomé la temperatura y era muy alta.
36. (to believe)
a. ser de
He takes the view that design is nothing without function.Es de la opinión de que el diseño no es nada sin funcionalidad.
37. (to feel attracted)
a. gustar
I am very taken with him, but do I really want to start a relationship?Me gusta mucho, pero ¿quiero de verdad meterme en una relación?
38. (to feel)
a. tomarse
She took great interest in their cause.Se tomó un gran interés por su causa.
b. sentir
They took great pride in their family.Se sentían muy orgullosos de su familia.
39. (to carry on)
a. continuar
I'll stop now and tomorrow we'll take it from here.Lo dejo aquí y mañana continuamos a partir de este punto.
40. (mathematics)
a. restar
If you take 10 from 30, the remainder is 20.Si a 30 le restas 10 te quedan 20.
41. (grammar)
a. llevar
"People" takes a plural verb."People" lleva el verbo en plural.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
42. (gardening)
a. prender (cutting)
All of the cuttings have taken and are now growing perfectly.Todos los esquejes han prendido y ahora crecen muy bien.
43. (medicine)
a. surtir efecto (vaccine)
The vaccine took for some children, but not for others.En el caso de algunos niños la vacuna surtió efecto, en el de otros no.
44. (to kindle)
a. prender (fire)
He was surprised when the fire took after the first try.Le sorprendió que el fuego prendiera al primer intento.
45. (to adhere)
a. agarrar
How well did the dye take?¿Agarró bien el tinte?
46. (to receive)
a. recibir
You need to strike the right balance between giving and taking.Tienes que encontrar el equilibrio apropiado entre dar y recibir.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
47. (earnings)
a. la recaudación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
For tax purposes, tips are estimated based on the take of the restaurant.A efectos impositivos, las propinas se calculan en base a la recaudación del restaurante.
48. (cinema)
a. la toma
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The scene was shot in a single take.La escena se rodó en una sola toma.
49. (point of view)
a. la opinión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'd love to hear his take on the subject.Me encantaría conocer su opinión sobre el tema.
50. (fishing)
a. la captura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The law prohibits the take of species that are considered to be endangered.La ley prohíbe la captura de las especies que se consideran en peligro de extinción.
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