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Spanish Irregular Present Tense Verbs

Spanish Irregular Present Tense Verbs

Quick Answer

Spanish irregular present tense verbs fall into various categories: verbs with irregular yo forms in the present indicative, stem-changing verbs, spelling-change verbs, and verbs that are irregular in all forms.

Irregular Yo

Some present tense yo conjugations undergo spelling changes or are irregular.

Verbs with Spelling Changes in the Yo Form

Verbs that end in -guir, -ger, or -gir undergo a spelling change in their present tense yo forms.

  • For verbs that end in -guir, the yo form ends in go.
  • For verbs that end in -ger or -gir, the g in the yo form changes to a j.

Here are examples of verbs that have yo spelling changes.

Spanish InfinitiveEnglish InfinitiveYo Form
extinguir
 
to extinguish
extingo
 
dirigir
 
to direct
dirijo
 
escoger
 
to choose
escojo
 
exigir
 
to demand
exijo
 
recoger
 
to pick up
recojo
 

Verbs with Irregular Yo Forms

The following verbs have irregular yo forms. The other present tense forms of these verbs follow the patterns for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs.

Here are examples of verbs with irregular yo spelling changes.

Spanish InfinitiveEnglish InfinitiveYo Form
caber
 
to fit
quepo
 
caer
 
to fall
caigo
 
conocer
 
to know
conozco
 
dar
 
to give
doy
 
hacer
 
to do/make
hago
 
poner
 
to put
pongo
 
saber
 
to know
 
salir
 
to leave/to go out
salgo
 
traducir
 
to translate
traduzco
 
traer
 
to bring
traigo
 
valer
 
to be worth
valgo
 
ver
 
to see
veo
 

Most verbs that end in -cer or -ucir have irregular present tense yo forms.

Prefixes Count

Verbs made of up the above forms plus a prefix are also irregular in the yo form. Check out these examples.

SpanishEnglishYo Form
componer
 
to compose
compongo
 
deshacer
 
to undo
deshago
 
disponer
 
to make available
dispongo
 
distraer
 
to distract
distraigo
 
proponer
 
to propose
propongo
 
rehacer
 
to redo
rehago
 
reponer
 
to put back
repongo
 
suponer
 
to suppose
supongo
 

Irregular in All Forms

There are a number of verbs that have irregular forms other than the yo form. These include stem-changing verbs, spelling-change verbs, and verbs that are considered truly irregular.

Four of the most frequently-used verbs in Spanish (ser, estar, ir, and haber) are irregular. The present indicative conjugations for each are given below.

Irregular Conjugations

Ser and Estar

Subjectser  (to be)estar  (to be)
yo
soy
 
estoy
 
eres
 
estás
 
usted, él, ella
es
 
está
 
nosotros
somos
 
estamos
 
vosotros
sois
 
estáis
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
son
 
están
 

Ir and Haber

Subjectir  (to go)haber  (to have)
yo
voy
 
he
 
vas
 
has
 
usted, él, ella
va
 
ha
 
nosotros
vamos
 
hemos
 
vosotros
vais
 
habéis
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
van
 
han
 

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