Overview

The future subjunctive (el futuro del subjuntivo) is a verbal mode rarely used in modern Spanish. It was traditionally used in complex sentences with WEIRDO verbs that described a hypothetical, future action.

Nowadays, the present subjunctive is used in virtually all cases in which the future subjunctive would have been used, but the future subjunctive does still appear, primarily in legal documents and literary contexts, so it’s good to be able to recognize it.

Future Subjunctive

The stem for the future subjunctive is the same as that of the imperfect subjunctive, or the 3rd person–plural of the preterite (without -ron at the end).

  • Ustedes hablaron -> habla-
  • Ellos tuvieron -> tuvie-
  • Ellas vieron -> vie-

Irregular Future Subjunctive

Any verb that is irregular in the 3rd person plural of the preterite will maintain that irregularity in the future subjunctive.

How to Find the Future Subjunctive Stem

infinitive 3rd person preterite imperfect subjunctive stem   infinitive 3rd person preterite imperfect subjunctive stem
caber cupieron cupie-   pedir pidieron pidie-
dar dieron die-   poder pudieron pudie-
decir dijeron dije-   poner pusieron pusie-
dormir durmieron durmie-   preferir prefirieron prefirie-
estar estuvieron estuvie   querer quisieron quisie-
haber hubieron hubie-   saber supieron supie-
hacer hicieron hicie-   sentir sintieron sintie-
ir fueron fue-   ser fueron fue-
leer leyeron leye-   traducir tradujeron traduje-
tener tuvieron tuvie-   traer trajeron traje-


All conjugations (-ar, -er, and -ir) have the same endings:

Future Subjunctive Endings

yo -re nosotros -remos
-res vosotros -reis
usted, él, ella -re ustedes, ellos, ellas -ren

Similar Endings!

The future subjunctive endings are very similar to imperfect subjunctive endings. The only difference is where the imperfect subjunctive uses an a, the future subjunctive uses an e.

Examples

  • No creo que vinieren mis abuelos. (I don´t believe my grandparents will come.)
  • Espero que me diere un regalo bueno. (I hope that she will give me a good gift.)
  • El que recibiere la mayoría de los votos será presidente. (The one who receives the most votes will be president.)

Exercises

1) Conjugate each verb in parenthesis to the future subjunctive to complete each sentence.

Example: Espero que te (sentir) mejor mañana. ->sintieres

  1. No creo que mi perro (morir).
  2. Quizás nosotros (hablar) luego.
  3. Espero que él (bailar) en la fiesta.
  4. Ojalá que ellos (venir).
  5. No sé que yo (tener) el dinero.

Answers

  1. muriere
  2. habláremos
  3. bailare
  4. vinieren
  5. tuviere