tense
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
tense(
tehns
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (anxious or nervous)
a. tenso
The stress from this job has made me really tense.El estrés de este trabajo me tiene muy tenso.
b. nervioso
After the earthquake everyone was a little tense.Después del terremoto todos estuvieron un poco nerviosos.
2. (strained)
a. tenso
The meeting was tense but respectful.La reunión fue tensa pero en ningún momento se perdió el respeto.
b. tirante
Since we had the argument, the situation has been tense.Desde que discutimos, la situación ha estado tirante.
3. (taut)
a. tenso
My neck is tense after staring at the computer all day.Tengo el cuello tenso después de estar mirando la computadora el día entero.
b. tirante
She pulled her long hair into a tense ponytail.Se recogió la larga melena en una coleta tirante.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (grammar)
a. el tiempo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The future tense in English is formed by adding "will" to the verb.El tiempo futuro en inglés se forma añadiendo "will" al verbo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to clench)
a. tensar
He stretched and tensed his muscles before working out.Estiró y tensó sus músculos antes de hacer ejercicio.
b. poner en presión
He tensed the rope and jumped.Puso la cuerda en presión y saltó.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to become nervous; used with "up")
a. ponerse tenso
I cannot help tensing up before an exam.No puedo evitar ponerme tenso antes de un examen.
7. (to clench)
a. tensarse
My muscles tensed from the effort.Se me tensaron los músculos a causa del esfuerzo.
b. ponerse en tensión
His muscles tensed and his face changed color.Los músculos se le pusieron en tensión y le cambió el color de la cara.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
tense
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. tenso(a)
my neck was very tensetenía el cuello muy tenso
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (general)
a. tensar
to tense oneselfponerse tenso(a)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (general)
a. tensarse, ponerse tenso(a)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
tense [tens]
adjective
tenser (comparative)tensest (superlative)
1 (nervous) [+person, expression] tenso
He's much too tense Didn't it strike you that he was awfully uptight and tense?
her voice was tense se le notaba la tensión en la voz
He dropped gracelessly into a chair opposite her, his [expression] tense and angry Their voices were subdued and their faces tense
to feel tense sentirse tenso
...a method you can use to relax yourself when you are feeling tense Ryle felt tired and tense
to get or grow tense ponerse tenso
They began to grow tense over the likelihood of a long delay Speaking in public always makes him tense
2 (stiff) [+body, muscles, neck] tenso; en tensión
She lay, eyes shut, [body] tense. Then his tense [body] relaxed into a posture of resignation Your [neck] is tense a bath can relax tense [muscles] ...effective self-help techniques for relaxing tense [muscles] and easing pain
my shoulders are tense tengo los hombros tensos or en tensión
3 (strained) [+atmosphere, silence] tenso; [+relations] tenso; tirante
The [situation] in Baghdad remains tense. This gesture of goodwill did little to improve the tense [atmosphere] at the talks sounds like things are pretty tense over there ...a day of tense [negotiations] between the International Red Cross and the Yugoslav federal army ...India's most immediate neighbours, with whom [relations] have been tense in recent years there was a tense [silence]. At length Jarvis sighed
[+period, moment] de tensión
There were a few tense moments before the presentation ...the tense period of transition to an elected government After three very tense weeks he phoned again.
the tense situation in the Persian Gulf la situación de tensión en el golfo Pérsico
this is a [time] of tense relations between the two countries
4 (taut) [+rope, wire] tenso; tirante
intransitive verb
(also tense up) [+person] ponerse tenso
He tensed as the other man gripped his shoulder She tensed, but did not protest The man on the terrace tensed slightly
[+muscle, body] ponerse tenso; ponerse en tensión
Her body tensed, involuntarily George's arm tensed underneath my fingers Her face tensed slightly as she told us how she had been forced to resign Newman's stomach [muscles] tensed
transitive verb
(also tense up) tensar; poner tenso
...the show-off in the gym tensing his stomach [muscles] Tense (up) the [muscles] in both of your legs.
she tensed her muscles tensó or puso tensos los músculos
tense [tens]
noun
(Ling) tiempo (m)
in the present tense en presente
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
tensé I tightened
The word tensé is the preterite form of tensar in the first person singular. See the full tensar conjugation.
tensar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
tensar(
tehn
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to stretch)
a. to tighten
Estoy tensando las cuerdas de tender la ropa porque estaban flojas.I am tightening the clotheslines because they were sagging.
b. to tense
Estar todo el día sentada en la computadora me tensa el cuello.Sitting at my computer all day tenses my neck.
c. to tauten
Tensó la cuerda y saltó.He tautened the rope and jumped.
d. to draw
Para lanzar la flecha correctamente hay que tensar el arco primero.In order to shoot the arrow properly you have to draw the arch first.
2. (to put under strain)
a. to strain
Las mentiras constantes de Graciela tensaron su relación al punto de separarse.Graciela's constant lies strained their relationship to the point that they split.
tensarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to become tense)
a. to tighten
Cuando llegó su exmujer, se le tensaron todos los músculos.When his ex-wife arrived, all his muscles tightened.
b. to become strained
Con la creciente inflación y el desempleo, la situación en el país se tensó.With growing inflation and unemployment, the situation in the country became strained.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
tensar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (cable, cuerda)
a. to tauten
2. (arco)
a. to draw
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
tensar
transitive verb
[+cable, cuerda] to tighten; tauten; [+músculo] to tense; [+arco] to draw; [+relaciones] to strain;
pronominal verb
tensarse [+relaciones] to become strained
Las relaciones entre la población civil y la representación religiosa tienden a [tensarse] en muchos lugares. los músculos se tensan isométricamente. Los jugadores se tensan en sus puestos la cinta empezaría por tensarse y acabaría por romperse,
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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