This word may also be spelled “substituir.”
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to exchange)
a. to substitute
Cuando hago pan, siempre sustituyo el azúcar por miel.I always substitute honey for sugar when baking bread.
b. to replace
Las máquinas no pueden sustituir a los humanos en esta tarea.Machines can't replace people for this task.
c. to stand in for (temporarily)
Esta semana estoy sustituyendo a Jack porque está enfermo.I'm standing in for Jack this week because he is sick.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (general)
a. to replace
2. (temporalmente)
a. to substitute for
sustituyó a su secretariahe replaced his secretary, he got a new secretary
tuve que sustituirle durante su enfermedadI had to stand in o substitute for him while he was ill
la sustituyó como presidenta de la empresahe took her place as president of the company
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (poner en lugar de) to replace; substitute
sustituir A por B to replace A by o with B; substitute B for A; lo quieren sustituir they want him replaced; tendremos que sustituir el neumático pinchado we shall have to replace the flat tyre
2 (tomar el lugar de) (gen) to replace; (temporalmente) to stand in for
los sellos azules sustituyen a los verdes the blue stamps are replacing the green ones; lo sustituí como secretario de la asociación I replaced him as club secretary; ¿me puedes sustituir un par de semanas? can you stand in for me for a couple of weeks?; me sustituirá mientras estoy fuera he'll take my place o deputize for me while I'm away
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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