sentar

sentar(
sehn
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to place in a seat)
a. to sit
Senté a mi madre a mi lado.I sat my mother next to me.
2. (to establish)
a. to set
Sentamos las bases de la cooperación internacional.We set the foundations for international cooperation.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to look good on)
a. to suit
Ese vestido no te sienta bien.That dress doesn't really suit you.
4. (food)
a. to agree with
Me gusta el ajo pero no me sienta bien.I like garlic, but it doesn't agree with me.
5. (to make one feel)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No me sentó bien tu actitud. Un poco de respeto, por favor.I don't appreciate your attitude. Show a little respect, please.
Deberías pedirle perdón a tu hermana. Tu comentario no le sentó bien.You should apologize to your sister. Your comment upset her.
sentarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
6. (to adopt a sitting position)
a. to sit
Prefiero sentarme al lado del radiador.I prefer to sit next to the radiator.
b. to sit down
¿Por qué no te sientas un rato?Why don't you sit down for a while?
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sentar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (en asiento)
a. to seat, to sit
2. (establecer)
a.
sentar las bases parato lay the foundations of
sentar precedenteto set a precedent
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (comida)
a.
sentar bien/mal a alguiento agree/disagree with somebody
algunos consideran que una copita de vino sienta biensome people think a glass of wine is good for you
4. (ropa, color)
a. to suit
no le sienta bienit doesn't suit her
5. (vacaciones, medicamento)
a.
sentar bien a alguiento do somebody good
6. (comentario, consejo)
a.
le sentó malit upset her
le sentó bienshe appreciated it
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
7. (general)
a. to sit down
sentarse a hacer algoto sit down and do something
siéntatetake a seat
siéntate donde quierassit wherever you like
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sentar
transitive verb
1 [+persona] to sit; seat
2 (colocar) [+objeto] to place; place firmly
sentar las costuras to press the seams; sentar el último ladrillo to tap the last brick into place; sentar las bases de algo to lay the foundations for sth
3 (establecer) [+base, principio] to establish; [+precedente] to set
4
sentar una suma en la cuenta de algn (Com) to put a sum down to sb's account
5 (And) (Caribe) [+persona] to crush; squash
6 (And) [+caballo] to rein in sharply; pull up sharply
intransitive verb
1 (en el aspecto) to suit
ese peinado le sienta horriblemente that hairstyle doesn't suit her at all; that hairstyle looks awful on her
2
sentar bien/mal a algn [+comida] to agree/disagree with sb; no me sientan bien las gambas prawns disagree with me; unas vacaciones le sentarían bien he could do with a holiday
3 (agradar)
sentar bien/mal to go down well/badly; le ha sentado mal que lo hayas hecho tú he didn't like your doing it
sentar como un tiro
a mí me sienta como un tiro it suits me like a hole in the head (familiar)
pronominal verb
sentarse
1 [+persona] to sit; sit down; seat o.s. (formal)
¡siéntese! (do) sit down; take a seat; sentémonos aquí let's sit (down) here; se sentó a comer she sat down to eat
2 [+sedimento] to settle
3 [+tiempo] to settle; settle down; clear up
4 (Archit) [+cimientos] to settle
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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