scratch
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
scratch(
skrahch
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (scrape)
a. el arañazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How did you get that scratch on your forehead?¿Cómo te hiciste ese arañazo en la frente?
b. el rasguño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Stop crying; it's only a scratch.Deja de llorar; no es más que un rasguño.
c. el rayón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on surface)
We need to hide that scratch on the floor before dad gets here!¡Tenemos que ocultar ese rayón en el suelo antes de que llegue papá!
2. (sound)
a. el chirrido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The scratch of a fork against a plate sets my teeth on edge.El chirrido de un tenedor contra un plato me da grima.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (sports)
a. con hándicap de cero (golf)
He may be young, but he's a scratch golfer.Es verdad que es joven, pero es un golfista con hándicap de cero.
4. (haphazard)
a. improvisado
We put together a scratch team to play in the tournament on Saturday.Formamos un equipo improvisado para jugar en el torneo el sábado.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to hurt)
a. rasguñarse
Luz scratched her hand on a nail.Luz se rasguñó la mano en un clavo.
6. (to mark)
a. grabar
Some prisoners had scratched their names on the wall.Algunos presos habían grabado sus nombres en la pared.
7. (to scrape)
a. arañar
The cat scratched the wall with its claws.El gato arañó la pared con las uñas.
b. rayar
I scratched the car door against one of the columns in the parking lot.Rayé la puerta del coche contra una de las columnas del aparcamiento.
8. (to relieve itch on)
a. rascarse
Jenny scratched her back with a backscratcher.Jenny se rascó la espalda con un rascador.
9. (to cross off)
a. tachar
You can scratch her from the list because she's not coming.Puedes tacharla de la lista porque no va a venir.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to be itchy)
a. raspar
I don't like wearing this dress because it scratches.No me gusta llevar puesto este vestido porque raspa.
b. picar
I can't wear that sweater because it scratches like crazy.No puedo ponerme ese suéter porque pica un horror.
11. (to itch oneself)
a. rascarse
The dog scratched all the time because of the fleas.El perro se rascaba todo el tiempo por culpa de las pulgas.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
scratch
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (on skin, record, furniture)
a. el arañazo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
it's just a scratchno es más que un rasguño or arañazo
he came out of it without a scratchsalió sin un rasguño
2. (action)
a.
to give one's nose a scratchrascarse la nariz
3. (colloquial)
a. (idioms)
to start from scratchpartir de cero
to come up to scratchdar la talla
to bring something/somebody up to scratchponer algo/a alguien a punto
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (meal, team)
a. improvisado(a), de circunstancias
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (skin)
a. arañar
6. (glass, record)
a. rayar
to scratch oneselfrascarse
to scratch one's noserascarse la nariz
he scratched his name on the cardgarabateó su nombre en la tarjeta
7. (fig)
a.
you scratch my back and I'll scratch yourshoy por ti y mañana por mí
8. (fig)
a.
we've only scratched the surface of the problemno hemos hecho más que empezar a tratar el problema
9. (remove)
a.
to scratch somebody's name from a listquitar or
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (oneself)
a. rascarse
11. (thorns)
a. picar
12. (new clothes)
a. rascar, raspar
the dog was scratching at the doorel perro estaba arañando la puerta
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
scratch [ˈskrætʃ]
noun
1 (mark) (on skin) arañazo (m); rasguño (m); (on surface, record) raya (f)
it's just a scratch es solo un rasguño, nada más; the cat gave her a scratch el gato la arañó; he hadn't a scratch on him no tenía ni un arañazo; to have a good scratch rascarse con ganas
2 (noise) chirrido (m)
3
to start from scratch partir de or empezar desde cero; we shall have to start from scratch again tendremos que partir nuevamente de cero; tendremos que comenzar desde el principio otra vez; to be or come up to scratch cumplir con los requisitos; to bring/keep sth up to scratch poner/mantener algo en buenas condiciones
transitive verb
1 (with claw, nail etc) rasguñar; arañar; (making sound) rascar; raspar; [+surface, record] rayar; (scramble, dig) escarbar
you'll scratch the worktop with that knife vas a rayar la encimera con ese cuchillo; the glass of this watch cannot be scratched el cristal de este reloj no se raya; he scratched his hand on a rose bush se arañó la mano en un rosal; the lovers scratched their names on the tree los amantes grabaron sus nombres en el árbol
we've barely scratched the surface
2 (to relieve itch) rascarse
he scratched his head se rascó la cabeza; she scratched the dog's ear le rascó la oreja al perro
you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours un favor con favor se paga
3 (cancel) [+meeting, game] cancelar; (cross off list) [+horse, competitor] tachar; borrar
to scratch sb off a list tachar a algn de una lista
4 (Comput) borrar
intransitive verb
[+person, dog etc] rascarse; [+hens] escarbar; [+pen] rascar; [+clothing] rascar; picar
stop scratching! ¡deja de rascarte!; the dog scratched at the door el perro arañó la puerta
modifier
[+competitor] sin ventaja
scratch card (n) tarjeta (f) de "rasque y gane"
scratch file (n) (Comput) fichero (m) de trabajo
scratch meal (n) comida (f) improvisada
scratch paper (n) (US) papel (m) de borrador
scratch score (n) (Golf) puntuación (f) par
scratch tape (n) cinta (f) reutilizable
scratch team (n) equipo (m) improvisado
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Word Roots
Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root.
Loading roots
Phrases with "scratch"
Here are the most popular phrases with "scratch." Click the phrases to see the full entry.
from scratch
desde cero
scratch-off
para raspar, el raspadito
start from scratch
empezar de cero
Examplesloading
Learn Spanish with Fluencia
Try Fluencia, the new Spanish learning program from SpanishDict.
  • Fun and interactive
  • Highly effective
  • Easy to use
  • Works on any device
Start Learning
Did this page answer your question?