limpiar

limpiar(
leem
-
pyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make clean)
a. to clean
Hay que limpiar el baño, está asqueroso.We need to clean the bathroom. It is disgusting.
b. to clean up
¿Puedes limpiar tu cuarto?Can you clean up your room?
c. to wipe down
Después de cenar siempre limpio la mesa y las encimeras.After dinner, I always wipe down the table and the countertops.
d. to wipe off
Hay que limpiar la mesa antes de que vengan los invitados.The table needs to be wiped off before the guests arrive.
e. to polish (shoes)
Necesito limpiar mis zapatos antes de la boda.I need to polish my shoes before the wedding.
f. to cleanse (skin)
Esta loción limpia la piel sin secarla.This lotion cleanses the skin without drying it out.
2. (to remove)
a. to clear
Limpiaron el patio de nieve.They cleared the patio of snow.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to do housework)
a. to clean
Me pasé el sábado limpiando.I spent Saturday cleaning.
limpiarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to make clean)
a. to clean
Límpiate las manos con agua y jabón.Clean your hands with soap and water.
b. to wipe
Límpiate la boca con una servilleta.Wipe your mouth with a napkin.
c. to wipe away
A ver, cariño, límpiate las lágrimas.Come on, sweetheart, wipe away your tears.
d. to clean oneself up
¿No vas a limpiarte un poco antes de salir?Aren't you going to clean yourself up a little before going out?
e. to clean off
Límpiate la sangre de la manga.Clean the blood off your sleeve.
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limpiar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (quitar la suciedad)
a. to clean
2. (con trapo)
a. to wipe
3. (mancha)
a. to wipe away
4. (zapatos)
a. to polish
limpia la mesa de migasclean o wipe the crumbs off the table
5. (desembarazar)
a.
limpiar algo de algoto clear something of something
6. (colloquial)
a. to clean out
7. (colloquial)
a. to swipe, to pinch
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
8. (general)
a. to clean
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
9. (general)
a. to clean o wipe oneself
límpiate esa manchawipe that stain off yourself
se limpió con una servilletashe wiped herself with a napkin
límpiate la narizwipe your nose
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
limpiar
transitive verb
1 [+casa] to tidy; tidy up; clean; [+cara, piel] to cleanse; [+marca] to wipe off; clean off; [+maquillaje] to remove; [+zapatos] to polish; shine
limpiar en seco to dry-clean
2 (Culin) [+conejo] to clean; [+pescado] to gut
3 (enjugar) to wipe; wipe off
limpiar las narices a un niño to wipe a child's nose
4 (Mil) to mop up; (Policía) to clean up
5 (Botánica) to prune; cut back
6 (en el juego) to clean out (familiar)
7 (robar) to swipe (familiar); nick (familiar)
8 (México) (pegar) to hit; bash (familiar); beat up
9 (matar) to do in (muy_familiar)
pronominal verb
limpiarse to clean o.s.; wipe o.s.
limpiarse las narices to blow one's nose
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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