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Listen to an audio pronunciation
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
1. (to clean oneself)
a. to wash
¡Lávate bien! Vienes muy sucio del partido.Wash properly! You're really dirty from the game.
Lávate bien las manos antes de tocarte los ojos.Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your eyes.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to clean)
a. to wash
Tienes que lavar la fruta antes de comértela.You must wash the fruit before eating it.
b. to launder (clothes, linens)
¿Quieres que te lave esta camisa?Do you want me to launder this shirt for you?
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (limpiar)
a. to wash
lavar a manoto hand-wash, to wash by hand
lavar y marcarshampoo and set
lavar en secoto dry-clean
2. (fig)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
lavarle el cerebro a alguiento brainwash somebody
3. (honor)
a. to clear
4. (ofensa)
a. to make up for
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (detergente)
a. to get things clean
6. (hacer la colada)
a. to do the washing
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (general)
a. to wash
espera un momento, que me estoy lavandohold on a minute, I'm washing o I'm getting washed
lavarse las manos/la carato wash one's hands/face
lavarse los dientesto brush o clean one's teeth
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (limpiar) to wash
lávale la cabeza a la niña wash the child's hair; lavar los platos to wash the dishes; do the washing up; lavar en seco to dry-clean; lavar y marcar to shampoo and set; tejanos lavados a la piedra stonewashed jeans; camisa de lava y pon drip-dry shirt
2 [+dinero] to launder
3 [+honor, ofensa, pecado] to wash away
4 (Minería) to wash
pronominal verb
lavarse to wash; have a wash
tengo que lavarme antes de salir I need to wash o have a wash before going out; lavarse los dientes to clean one's teeth; me lavé las manos antes de comer I washed my hands before eating; el gobierno se lavó las manos ante este asunto the government washed their hands of the whole affair
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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