A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to coat)
a. to soak
La lluvia empapó a los turistas en la playa.The rain soaked the tourists on the beach.
Para paliar la fiebre, empapé una compresa en agua helada y me la puse en la frente.To lower my fever, I soaked the compress in ice water and put it on my forehead.
2. (to get completely wet)
a. to drench
La lluvia empapó el vestido que tenía tendido.The rain drenched the dress I had hung up.
b. to soak
Me tiré el café encima y me empapé el pantalón que acababa de estrenar.I spilled the coffee on me and soaked my brand new trousers.
c. to saturate
El aguacero empapó la tierra del jardín con agua de lluvia fresca.The downpour saturated the soil in the garden with fresh rainwater.
3. (to absorb)
a. to soak up
El papel absorbente empapó la leche que derramé en la mesa.The absorbent paper soaked up the milk I spilled on the table.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to get completely wet)
a. to get soaked
No te olvides de llevarte tu impermeable o te vas a empapar. Está lloviendo a cántaros afuera.Don't forget to take your raincoat with you, or you're going to get soaked. It's raining cats and dogs outside.
Me empapé porque empezó a diluviar y no tenía paraguas.I got soaked because it started raining hard and I didn't have an umbrella with me.
b. to get drenched
El fontanero se empapó porque se rompió la tubería mientras la arreglaba.The plumber got drenched because the pipe he was fixing broke.
5. (to acquire knowledge)
a. to get steeped in
Desde que está embarazada, se ha empapado de todos los libros sobre bebés.Since she has been pregnant, she's got steeped in all the baby books.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (mojar)
a. to soak
2. (persona)
a. to soak, to drench
3. (absorber)
a. to soak up
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (persona, traje)
a. to get soaked o drenched
me he empapado los zapatosI've got my shoes soaked
5. (enterarse bien)
empaparse de o ento become imbued with
se empapó del tema antes de dar la conferenciahe immersed himself in the subject before giving the talk
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (mojar) to soak; drench
cierra la ducha que me estás empapando can you turn the shower off, you're soaking o drenching me; estar empapado hasta los huesos to be soaked to the skin
2 (absorber) to soak up
empapó toda el agua con una bayeta she soaked up all the water with a cloth
pronominal verb
1 (mojarse) to get soaked
se me han empapado los zapatos my shoes got soaked; las patatas se empaparon de aceite the potatoes soaked up the oil
2 (enterarse)
empaparse de: se empapó de filosofía griega he steeped himself in Greek philosophy; se empapó de gramática antes del examen he swotted up on grammar before the exam (familiar)
¡para que te empapes! so there!
yo he aprobado y tú no, ¡para que te empapes! I passed and you didn't, so there!
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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