Legal Terminology 
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to call off)
a. to cancel
Tuve que anular el viaje por motivos personales.I had to cancel the trip due to personal circumstances.
2. (legal)
a. to annul
El juez anuló el matrimonio porque una de las partes seguía legalmente casada con otra persona.The judge annulled the marriage because one of the parties was still legally married to another person.
b. to repeal
El proyecto de ley busca anular la ley que restringe el acceso completo a Internet.The bill aims to repeal the legislation that restricts full access to the internet.
c. to rescind
Ambas partes acordaron anular el contrato.Both parties agreed to rescind the contract.
d. to declare null and void
El tribunal anuló el testamento.The court declared the will null and void.
e. to cancel
El juez anuló el contrato debido al incumplimiento de una de las partes.The judge canceled the contract as a result of a breach by one of the parties.
3. (sports)
a. to disallow
Ronaldo estaba en posición adelantada. El árbitro anuló el gol.Ronaldo was offside. The referee disallowed the goal.
4. (to exceed)
a. to destroy
Nos anularon porque sus jugadores eran más altos y más rápidos.They destroyed us because all their players were taller and faster.
5. (finance)
a. to cancel
Anulé el cheque, pero el banco lo pagó igual.I canceled the check, but the bank still paid it.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
masculine noun
6. (anatomy)
a. ring finger
Me quebré el anular jugando al básquet.I broke my ring finger playing basketball.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (circular)
a. ring-shaped
Levanté la copa de vino y vi una mancha anular en el mantel.I picked up my wine glass and saw there was a ring-shaped stain on the tablecloth.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
reciprocal verb
8. (to neutralize)
a. to cancel each other out
Estas dos fuerzas se anulan porque son iguales y van en direcciones opuestas.These two forces cancel each other out because they are equal and acting in opposite directions.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
9. (to become insignificant)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No te anules ni dejes que tu jefe te humille por un aumento.Don't keep quiet or let your boss humiliate you just so you can get a raise.
Mike se anuló cuando su ex entró a la oficina.When his ex walked into the office, Mike faded into the background.
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Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+contrato] to cancel; rescind; [+ley] to repeal; [+decisión] to override; [+matrimonio] to annul
2 [+elecciones, resultado] to declare null and void; [+gol, tanto] to disallow
han anulado la votación por irregularidad they have declared the vote null and void because of irregularities
3 [+cita, viaje, evento] to cancel
hemos anulado la cita porque me encontraba muy enferma
anularon el partido por causa de la lluvia they cancelled the match because of the rain
4 [+cheque] to cancel
5 [+efecto] to cancel out; destroy
6 (Matemáticas) to cancel out
anular el tiempo
7 [+persona] to overshadow
su potente carácter anula a sus amigos her strong personality overshadows her friends
8 (incapacitar) to deprive of authority; remove from office
pronominal verb
1 (amilanarse) to fade into the background
se anula ante su padre he fades into the background when his father is there
2 (neutralizarse)
los dos campos magnéticos se anulan the two magnetic fields cancel each other out; las dos sustancias se anulan mutuamente the two substances neutralize each other
ring-shaped; annular
dedo anular ring finger
ring finger
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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