Quick answer
"Within" is a preposition which is often translated as "dentro de", and "above" is a preposition which is often translated as "sobre". Learn more about the difference between "within" and "above" below.
within(
wih
-
thihn
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (inside of)
a. dentro de
You have the right to travel freely within the borders of our country.Tiene derecho a viajar libremente dentro de las fronteras de nuestro país.
2. (not beyond)
a. dentro de
Ask for whatever you want on your birthday, within reason.Pide lo que quieras para tu cumpleaños, dentro de lo razonable.
b. a menos de
I prefer that my workplace be within five miles of my home.Prefiero que mi lugar de trabajo esté a menos de cinco millas de mi hogar.
3. (related to time)
a. dentro de
You should finish the questionnaire within ten minutes.Deberías acabar el cuestionario dentro de diez minutos.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
above(
uh
-
buhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (over)
a. sobre
There was a lovely painting of a summer sky above the table.Había un lindo cuadro de un cielo veraniego sobre la mesa.
b. encima de
There was a huge spider walking above the doorway.Había una araña enorme caminado encima de la puerta.
c. arriba de
The airplanes were flying above the Washington Monument.Los aviones volaban arriba del Monumento a Washington.
2. (more than)
a. más de
All children above five years of age are required to attend school.Todos los niños de más de cinco años de edad deben asistir a la escuela.
b. por encima de
The price of milk in that store is always above four dollars.El precio de la leche en esa tienda siempre está por encima de cuatro dólares.
3. (superior in status)
a. por encima de
You must obey his orders because he is above you.Tienes que obedecer sus órdenes porque está por encima de ti.
4. (morally superior)
a. por encima de
You'll have to excuse me; I am above petty matters like these.Me tendrán que disculpar; estoy por encima de asuntos insignificantes como estos.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (higher)
a. arriba
There were several archers aiming at us from above.Había varios arqueros apuntándonos desde arriba.
6. (superior in status)
a. de rango superior
All officers from lieutenant and above are required to attend.Todos los oficiales desde el teniente hasta los de rango superior deben asistir.
7. (before)
a. arriba (in a text)
As can be seen above, this contract includes several ambiguously worded clauses.Como se puede ver arriba, este contrato incluye varias cláusulas redactadas de manera ambigua.
8. (more than)
a. para arriba
For those patrons who are 60 and above, we have senior discounts.Para los clientes de 60 para arriba, tenemos descuentos de la tercera edad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (occurring before)
a. de arriba
The above picture was taken in 1865.La foto de arriba se tomó en el año 1865.
10. (aforementioned)
a. sobredicho
The above example illustrates the necessity for climate change policies.El ejemplo sobredicho demuestra la necesidad de políticas de cambio climático.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.  |  Ver en español
SOCIAL NETWORKS
APPS