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Quick answer
"Up" is an adverb which is often translated as "arriba", and "in" is a preposition which is often translated as "en". Learn more about the difference between "up" and "in" below.
up(
uhp
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (position)
a. arriba
From up in the tower, we could see the surrounding countryside.Desde arriba en la torre, podíamos ver el campo de alrededor.
2. (in upward direction)
a. para arriba
From the waist up, he was covered in paint.De la cintura para arriba, estaba cubierto de pintura.
b. hacia
He watched as his balloon floated up towards the sky.Miró mientras su globo flotaba hacia el cielo.
3. (data)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Test scores are up in schools throughout the county.Las calificaciones han mejorado en las escuelas del condado.
The price of wheat is up 10% from last year.El precio del trigo ha aumentado 10% con respecto al año pasado.
4. (score)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The Bulls are up by five in the third quarter.Los Bulls están ganando por cinco puntos en el tercer cuarto.
They were two goals up at halftime.Llevaban dos goles de ventaja en el descanso.
5. (installed)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Finally, all of the paintings are up.Por fin están colgados todos los cuadros.
The walls of our new house are up. They'll be finishing the roof next.Las paredes de nuestra nueva casa se han erigido. Ahora terminarán el techo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (standing)
a. de pie
Could you bring me my glasses while you are up?Ya que estás de pie, ¿me traes las gafas?
7. (awake)
a. despierto
I'm never up earlier than 9 am.Nunca estoy despierto antes de las 9 am.
b. levantado
She was up when I went to her room this morning.Estaba levantada cuando fui a su habitación esta mañana.
8. (raised)
a. levantado
His hand was up, but the teacher ignored him.Su mano estaba levantada, pero la maestra lo ignoró.
b. erguido
Models are taught to walk with their heads up high.A las modelos les enseñan a caminar con la cabeza bien erguida.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
9. (position)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Are you coming up to New York for Christmas?¿Vas a venir hasta Nueva York para la Navidad?
Please don't run up the stairs.Por favor, no corra mientras sube las escaleras.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to increase)
a. aumentar
We've upped the offer, but the owner of the house still refuses to sell it.Hemos aumentado la oferta, pero el dueño de la casa sigue negándose a venderla.
b. subir
Her project was a success and her salary was upped from 10,000 to 15,000 dollars per month.Su proyecto fue un éxito y le subieron el sueldo de 10,000 a 15,000 dólares al mes.
c. intensificar
We need to up our efforts if we are going to get things done on time.Debemos intensificar nuestros esfuerzos si queremos que las cosas estén hechas a tiempo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to rise)
a. levantarse
I don't know what happened but they just upped and left without even saying goodbye.No sé qué paso, pero se levantaron y se fueron sin ni siquiera despedirse.
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in(
ihn
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate location)
a. en
Your father is in the kitchen.Tu padre está en la cocina.
b. dentro de (inside of)
Dinner is in the fridge.La cena está dentro de la nevera.
2. (used to indicate time)
a. en
She was born in 1983.Nació en 1983.
b. dentro de (within)
I finished the third book in the "A Song of Ice and Fire" series in three days.Terminé el tercer libro en la colección "Una canción de hielo y fuego" dentro de tres días.
3. (at the conclusion of)
a. dentro de
We have to leave in five minutes, at the latest.Nos tenemos que ir dentro de cinco minutos, a más tardar.
b. en
You go on ahead. I'll meet you in a half hour.Tú ve. Yo te veo en media hora.
4. (used to indicate manner)
a. en
Does this dress come in red?Este vestido, ¿está disponible en rojo?
Try introducing yourself in Spanish.Intenta presentarte en español.
5. (after superlatives)
a. de
Lionel Messi is, without a doubt, the best soccer player in the world.Lionel Messi es, sin duda, el mejor futbolista del mundo.
6. (with ratios and quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Four people in five preferred the first brand of soda.Cuatro de cada cinco personas prefirieron la primera marca de refresco.
The wedding party should come down the aisle in twos.El cortejo nupcial debe caminar por el pasillo de dos en dos.
7. (used to indicate activity)
a. en
I heard you can make a lot of money in sales.Oí que se puede hacer mucho dinero en ventas.
b. dedicarse a
He works in investment banking.Él se dedica a la banca de inversión.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (inside)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Am I going to stand out here all day, or are you going to invite me in?¿Me voy a quedar parado aquí afuera el día entero, o me vas a invitar a pasar?
The dog won't come in until they open the door.El perro no entrará hasta que abran la puerta.
9. (present)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm afraid the doctor isn't in today.Me temo que el doctor no se encuentra hoy.
Is Denise in? I'd like to speak with her.¿Está Denise? Me gustaría hablar con ella.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
10. (fashionable)
a. de moda
Short skirts are no longer in.Las minifaldas ya no están de moda.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
11. (connection)
a. la palanca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He only got the job because his dad has an in with the company.Solo consiguió el puesto porque su papá tiene palanca dentro de la empresa.
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